Access to Life-Saving Medicines and Healthcare: A Case Study of Aurangabad District of Bihar
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This is a quantitative study conducted during June 2012 to March 2013. The objectives of the study were to review the policies related to essential medicines in India and to assess the availability and accessibility of essential medicines and healthcare in Primary Health Centres. Availability of life-saving medicines at the Primary Health Centres was studied by referring to Public Health Standard’s Guidelines regarding essential medicines. The study reflects on three important aspects—medicine availability, status of healthcare services and finally, households’ economic conditions and their expenditure on health. The study reveals that despite modified health system and holistic approach under National Rural Health Mission, there remains significant gaps in health service delivery in India. The primary data shows that some of the Reproductive and Child Health services were seriously lacking in all the PHCs. While laboratory test facility was satisfactorily available in all the centres, it was difficult for the PHCs to tackle frequent outbreak of epidemics every year with the limited resources. Lack of availability of essential medicines was a critical concern.
KeywordsEssential medicines Healthcare Primary health centres Health policy
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