Assessing Burden of Infant Mortality on Socio-Economic Classes in North-Eastern India

  • Sanjeeva Kumar JhaEmail author
  • Ningthoukhongjam Vikimchandra Singh
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


The present chapter assesses the burden of infant mortality on socio-economic classes by measuring the effects of socio-economic classes on infant mortality. The socio-economic classes as provided by the District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3) conducted by International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai in collaboration with Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India, and district-level infant mortality data for the seven northeast Indian states as reported by MoHFW are used for the analysis. The data exhibit a high degree of intra-state correlation as well as a high degree of inter-district spatial correlation. A generalized linear mixed model approach capitalizing on the intra-state correlation is adopted for the analysis. Further, spatial analysis of data has been performed using Conditional Autoregressive (CAR) model. The results are discussed and mapped.


Socio-economic classes Infant mortality Generalized linear mixed model Conditionally autoregressive model 



We would like to thank the R Core Team (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. The URL address is, We extend our thanks to Duncan Lee (2013) and Bates D, Maechler M, Bolker B & Walker S (2014) for developing the useful R packages,’CARBayes’ and ‘lme4’ respectively.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjeeva Kumar Jha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ningthoukhongjam Vikimchandra Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of StatisticsNorth-Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia

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