Advertisement

In the Era of Globalization: The Phenomenon of International Migration in China

  • Lu MiaoEmail author
  • Huiyao Wang
Chapter
  • 626 Downloads

Abstract

In recent years, international migration has taken on new characteristics. For example, the outflows and inflows between developing countries have become more prevalent, Europe and Asia are emerging as the most popular immigration destinations, while immigration regions tend to be relatively compact. In addition to these trends, international immigration is being fueled by the 2008–2009 global financial crisis and its after-shocks. With the growth in the number of international immigrants and the increasingly clear benefits in the areas of science and the economy, issues like immigrant integration have attracted increasing attention. Chinese immigrants can be found everywhere in world, but are concentrated mainly in the U.S., Canada, Australia, Japan, and other European countries. During 2013–2014, new changes in the development of Chinese international migration have arisen. The number of overseas Chinese immigrants is continuously increasing, while the influence of foreign migrants on China’s internationalization is rising as well. As the number of immigrants coming to China has gone up, China has become the largest source country of foreign travelers.

Keywords

Chinese International Migration Chinese Overseas Chinese Immigrants Migration Deficits Permanent Residence Visas 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. AQICN (2013) Air quality in global cities. Available at: http://aqicn.org
  2. Australian Government-Department of Immigration and Border Protection (2014) Australia’s migration trends 2013–2014. Available at: https://www.border.gov.au/ReportsandPublications/Documents/statistics/migration-trends13-14.pdf
  3. China Business Press Release Newswire (2010) The gap between rich and poor whether the reason for Chinese high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) immigrant overseas, 26 May. http://www.prnews.cn/press_release/35685.htm
  4. Chinanews.com (2012) Germany Got 1.1 billion immigrants, of which over 80,000 Chinese migrants with increase rate of 20 percent, 20 Dec. Available at: http://www.chinanews.com/hr/2012/12-20/4423669.shtml
  5. Chinanews.com (2013) 50,000 Chinese into the British nationality over 12 Years, 6 Oct. Available at: http://www.chinanews.com/hr/2013/10-06/5346439.shtml
  6. Financial Times (2013) Pollution of Beijing drives foreigners away, 2 Apr. Available at: http://www.ftchinese.com/story/001049737
  7. Henley & Partners (2016) The Henley & Partners visa restrictions index 2016—global travel freedom at a glance. Available at: https://www.henleyglobal.com/files/download/HP/hvri/HP%20Visa%20Restrictions%20Index%20160223.pdf
  8. Immigration Bureau of Japan (2014) White book of immigration management 2014Google Scholar
  9. Institute of International Education (IIE) (2016) 2016 open doors report. Available at: http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors/Data/International-Students/Leading-Places-of-Origin#.WIVr-nF8Ocs
  10. ISTAT (2014) Non-EU citizens holding a residence visa, 5 Aug. Available at: http://www.istat.it/en/archive/129859
  11. Jia YM (2017) Annual report on overseas Chinese study (2016). Social Sciences Academic Press (CHINA)Google Scholar
  12. Li HR (2011) A profile of new Chinese immigrants in New Zealand. Overseas Chin Hist Stud 1:21–30Google Scholar
  13. National Bureau of Statistics of the P.R. China (2010) China’s sixth national census. Available at: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/tjgb/rkpcgb/qgrkpcgb/201104/t20110429_30329.html
  14. National Bureau of Statistics of the P.R. China (2015) Chinese central government’s fiscal expenditure. Available at: http://data.stats.gov.cn/easyquery.htm?cn=C01&zb=A080501&sj=2015
  15. Ru X, Lu XY, Li P (2012) Society of China analysis and forecast (2011). Social Sciences Academic Press (China), p 73Google Scholar
  16. Sohu.com (2015) The trend and task of social security in China during the period of 13th five-year, 3 Apr. Available at: http://mt.sohu.com/20150403/n410769625.shtml
  17. Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis) (2015) Publications in the field of migration. Available at: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/Bevoelkerung/MigrationIntegration/AuslaendBevoelkerung.html
  18. Statistics Netherlands (2014) Population, sex, age, origin and generation, 1st Jan, 20 Aug. Available at: http://statline.cbs.nl/Statweb/publication/?DM=SLEN&PA=37325eng&D1=a&D2=a&D3=0&D4=0&D5=50,99,122,221&D6=a&LA=EN&HDR=T,G1&STB=G5,G2,G3,G4&VW=T
  19. The Times (2014) World reputation rankings 2014. Available at: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2014/reputation-ranking
  20. The World Bank (2015) World development indicators: size of the economy. Available at: http://wdi.worldbank.org/table/1.1
  21. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2013) International migration 2013: migrants by origin and destination, Sept. Available at: http://www.un.org/en/ga/68/meetings/migration/pdf/International%20Migration%202013_Migrants%20by%20origin%20and%20destination.pdf
  22. U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2016) 2014 yearbook of immigration statistics, Aug. Available at: https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/ois_yb_2014.pdf
  23. U.S. News (2014) U.S., China agree on new visa policy to spur growth, 10 Nov. Available at: http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/11/10/obama-and-xi-jinping-agree-on-new-visa-policy-at-apec-in-beijing
  24. Wang HY (2014) Annual report on Chinese international migration (2014). Social Sciences Academic Press (China), pp 14–21Google Scholar
  25. Wang HY, Miao L (2016) Annual report on the development of Chinese students studying abroad (2016) No 5. Social Sciences Academic Press (China), p 213Google Scholar
  26. Wang HY, Liu GF, Miao L (2015) Annual report on Chinese international migration (2015). Social Sciences Academic Press (China), pp 13–30Google Scholar
  27. Zhuang GT (2009) A new estimation of the ethnic Chinese population in Southeast Asia. J Xiamen Univ (Arts & Soc Sci) 3:62–69Google Scholar
  28. Zhuang GT, Zhang JY (2012) Classification and distribution of New Chinese international migrant since 1970s. Soc Sci 12:4–11Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for China and GlobalizationBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations