Analysis of Rice Productivity and Sources of Growth in India



The present study analysed the temporal pattern in India’s rice production and sources of productivity growth. The study used data from the cost of cultivation surveys for 10 major rice-producing states for the period 1990/91–2012/13 for analysing the sources of productivity growth. The analysis of growth performance showed that all the states except Tamil Nadu registered positive and relatively high growth in yield during the recent times. However, a higher level of inter-district variation in rice productivity was observed in states such as Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa. Although average paid-out cost increased overtime, a more than proportionate increase in value of output had led to increase in farm business income from paddy cultivation. Except Assam, all other states have shown positive growth in TFP during 1991/2–2012/3. However, except Andhra Pradesh, other states showed no improvement in technical efficiency gains. These results imply that there exists a great potential to improve rice production through adoption of suitable modern varieties, better management practices and institutional mechanism for supply of inputs.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for the Study of Regional Development (CSRD)Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)New DelhiIndia

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