Impact of Sand Erosion on Hydroturbines: A Case Study of Hydropower Plant in Himachal Pradesh, India

  • Robin ThakurEmail author
  • Muneesh Sethi
  • Sourabh Khurana
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 624)


Sand erosion is the system of unfaltering avoidance of the solid from the surface of the hydroturbine hardware which relies on the concentration, size, hardness of sand particles, stream speed, and properties of material of different parts of turbine and working hours of the turbine. It is one of the major and complex issues in Himalayan area particularly amid storm season. Various investigations on erosion of turbine have demonstrated that the material of turbine apparatus dissolved because of sand particles. This paper depicts the exhaustive examination of silt, disintegration of runner cutting edges, and guide vanes of 300 MW Chamera-II hydrocontrol plant. It has been observed that hardness, size, and shape are vital parameters concerning their impacts on disintegration of water-driven turbines. Ultimately, weight lessening of turbine and subsequent fall in the productivity of force plant because of residue disintegration was likewise investigated.


Sand erosion Efficiency Guide vanes Runner blades 

List of Symbols


Loss of thickness per unit time


Turbine coefficient at eroded part


Relative flow velocity


Average grain size coefficient on the basis of unit value for grain size 0.05 mm

K1 and K2

Shape and hardness coefficient of sand particles


Abrasion resistant coefficient of material


Suspended sediment concentration


Suspended sediment load


Part per million


Megawatt hour



x, y

Exponent values for concentration and size coefficients


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringShoolini UniversitySolanIndia
  2. 2.School of Engineering & TechnologyAP Goyal Shimla UniversityShimlaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringOM Institute of TechnologyJuglan, HisarIndia

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