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Preeclampsia pp 99-112 | Cite as

Placental Adenosine Signaling in the Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia

  • Takayuki IriyamaEmail author
  • Yang Xia
Chapter
Part of the Comprehensive Gynecology and Obstetrics book series (CGO)

Abstract

Impairment in placental development and function is known to be associated with the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. However, placenta-specific molecular basis leading to preeclampsia remains to be fully understood. Adenosine, an endogenous nucleotide, is a signaling molecule that is induced under various pathological conditions including hypoxia, energy depletion, and inflammation and contributes to various diseases. Recent report form Iriyama et al. revealed that a local increase of adenosine in the placenta is sufficient to trigger key features of preeclampsia by using mouse models, and adenosine was identified as one of pathogenic factors for preeclampsia. This chapter is to summarize current progress and the significance of adenosine signaling in different disease states and to detail the findings of enhanced placental adenosine signaling in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia.

Keywords

Adenosine Placenta Mouse model 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonHoustonUSA

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