Eco-Friendly Propellant for Hybrid Rocket Motor
Conventional propulsion systems mostly based on the propellants which are highly toxic in nature. In a single rocket, the amount of such propellant is generally hundreds of tons. When this huge amount of propellant burnt, it develops a large amount of unburnt particles as well as gases which damage the ecosystem. This paper is based on the project in which Hybrid Rocket was developed and Paraffin wax was tested as propellant. Paraffin was selected because its regression rate is higher when we compare it with other conventional Hybrid Rocket fuels. It is also safe to handle and better for the environment. As oxidizer Nitrous Oxide was used due to its low toxicity and self-pressurizing property which eliminates the requirement of additional gas pressurizing system. The by-product of Paraffin wax is water vapour and carbon dioxide. If a rocket fuel is eco-friendly, then it can be used frequently and in a large amount.
KeywordsHybrid Rocket Hybrid propellant Eco-friendly propellant Paraffin wax Nitrous oxide Future of rockets
Apart from my efforts, the success of this project is largely depended on the encouragement and guidance of many others. I express my thanks to my parents because since starting they support me when firstly I share my idea of doing project in this area, and they encouraged me whenever I lost my hope. I also thank to my near and dear ones for their encouragement.
- 1.Boros C, Konecny P (2012) Development of wax fuel grain for hybrid rocket motor. Adv Military Technol 4(2):5–11Google Scholar
- 2.Edwards T (2013) Liquid fuels and propellants for aerospace propulsion 1903–2003. J Propuls Pow 19(6)Google Scholar
- 3.Hasan T, Phillips J (2011) Potassium nitrate based rocket propulsion. NC Sch Sci Math 45(3)Google Scholar
- 4.McCormick A, Hultgren E, Lichtman M, Smith J, Azimi S (2012) Design Optimization and Launch of a 3’ Diameter N2O/Aluminized Paraffin Rocket, vol 21, Iss 4. Stanford University, Stanford, CAGoogle Scholar
- 5.Patnala S, Chattaraj T, Joshi PC (2012) Combustion studies on paraffin wax in gaseous oxygen and nitrous oxide 7(7)Google Scholar
- 6.Stevens J, Karabeyoglu A et al (2011) High performance hybrid upper stage motor. In: 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exibit, vol 32Google Scholar