Evaluation of Vibration of a Crankshaft and a Driveshaft Using FEM

  • Apoorv Rathi
  • Joy Banerjee
  • Anurag Dixit
  • R. K. Misra
  • H. S. Mali
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The present paper is based on comparative studies of modal analysis of a four-cylinder crankshaft and a driveshaft of different materials which includes metals, alloys as well as composites. The five materials chosen for this investigation are steel, gray cast iron, titanium alloy, E-glass/epoxy unidirectional composite and carbon/epoxy unidirectional composite. Modal analysis was carried out on the crankshaft and the driveshaft using commercially available software ANSYS, which solves problems based on linear and nonlinear behavior for obtaining natural frequency and deformation at different modes with different materials. In order to achieve accurate results, the loading and boundary conditions were taken as in the case of real-life situations. Maximum total deformation was achieved by the composites, followed by alloys and finally the metals, with the minimum deformation. The results were then compared by conducting a parametric study, and an alternative material has been proposed from the investigation.


Composites Crankshaft Deflection Driveshaft Natural frequency 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Apoorv Rathi
    • 1
  • Joy Banerjee
    • 1
  • Anurag Dixit
    • 2
  • R. K. Misra
    • 1
  • H. S. Mali
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of EngineeringGautam Buddha UniversityGreater NoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical & Automation EngineeringG.B. Pant Govt. Engineering CollegeNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMalaviya National Institute of TechnologyJaipurIndia

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