High Angle of Attack Analysis of Cascade Fin in Subsonic Flow

  • Manish Tripathi
  • M. S. Mahesh
  • Ajay Misra
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Grid fins are unconventional lifting and control surfaces consisting of an outer frame supporting an inner grid of intersecting small chord planar surfaces. Cascade fins are a new category of grid fins. Unlike grid fins, cascade fins do not have cross members. In the present work, a sequence of simulation results obtained for comparative analysis of cascade fins versus flat plate (FP) for different angles of attack (\(\alpha \)) is presented. The results indicate an overall increase in lift force compared to flat plates at all angles. The results are in agreement with the experimental data and indicate that cascading effect leads to a delay in flow separation and thus delayed stall.


Cascade fins CFD Aerodynamic coefficients Grid fins Stall Gap-to-Chord ratio 


  1. 1.
    Ariff M, Salim SM, Cheah SC (2009) Wall y\(^+\) approach for dealing with turbulent flow over a surface mounted cube: part 1-low reynolds number. In: Proceedings of seventh international conference on CFD in the minerals and process industries, Melbourne, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Belotzerkovsky SM (1987) Wings with internal framework. In: Machine translation, FTD-ID (RS) T-1289-86, Foreign Technology DivGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    CFD++ 15.1.1 (2015) CFD++ user manualGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eugene LF (2001) Tactical missile design. In: AIAA education series, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ledlow TI, Burkhalter JE, Hartfield RJ (2015) Integration of grid fins for the optimal design of missile systems. In: AIAA atmospheric flight mechanics conferenceGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Menter FR (1994) Two-equation eddy-viscosity turbulence models for engineering applications. AIAA J 32(8):1598–1605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Misra A (2009) Investigation of grid and cascade fins for missile flight stabilization and control. Ph.D. Thesis. In: Indian institute of technology, Kanpur, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Misra A, Ghosh AK, Ghosh K (2008) Cascade fins—an alternate tail stabilization unit. In: AIAA atmospheric flight mechanics conference and exhibit, vol 6884. Honolulu, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Misra A, Ghosh AK, Ghosh K (2008) Stability and control of aircraft bombs at high angle of attack using cascade fins. In: NCAAT proceedings, pp S1.3/1–S1.3/7Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Miller MS, Washington WD (1998) Experimental investigations of grid fin aerodynamics: a synopsis of nine wind tunnel and three fight tests. In: Proceedings of the NATO research proposal, Page 21 RTO-MP-5. Missile aerodynamics, NATO research and technology organizationGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Miller MS, Washington WD (1993) Curvature and leading edge sweep back effects on grid fin aerodynamic characteristics. AIAAGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    MIME User Manual (2015) Metacomp technologiesGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Munawar S (2010) Analysis of grid fins as efficient control surface in comparison to conventional planar fins. In: 27th International congress of the aeronautical sciencesGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    Salim SM, Cheah S (2009) Wall y\(^+\) strategy for dealing with wall-bounded turbulent flows. In: Proceedings of the international multiconference of engineers and computer scientists, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Spalart PR, Allmaras SR (1992) A one-equation turbulence model for aerodynamic flows. In: AIAA 30th aerospace sciences meeting and exhibit, Reno, NV, USAGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zaloga S (2000) The Scud and other Russian Ballistic Missiles, New Territories. Concord Publications Co., Hong KongGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringDefense Institute of Advanced Technology (DU)PuneIndia

Personalised recommendations