Land-Based Investments in Tanzania: Legal Framework and Realities on the Ground
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Tanzania experienced a severe socio-economic crisis in the 1970s and 1980s. In an attempt to turn things around and accelerate economic growth, the government embarked on a broad range of policy, legislation, and institution reforms, which opened doors for foreign direct investments (FDIs). Further initiatives have been taken to create an enabling environment for investments to flourish in the country. This chapter provides highlights and an analysis of the legal framework governing investment in Tanzania, discusses the context of investment within the existing legal framework, provides an overview of land acquisition procedures and gives analysis of some land deals. The findings show that mixed procedures, some of which are not guided by laws, are currently used to acquire land for investment in Tanzania. Moreover, land acquisition and compensation practices are poor and have flaws in the way community consultations are carried out.
KeywordsLand-based investments Land acquisitions Land tenure Legal framework Tanzania
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