Whither Africa in the Global South? Lessons of Bandung and Pan-Africanism

  • Issa G. ShivjiEmail author
Part of the Advances in African Economic, Social and Political Development book series (AAESPD)


This chapter traces the trajectories of the Bandung and Pan-Africanist projects to assess the present conjuncture. It is argued that Bandung and Pan-Africanism were, first and foremost, political projects, not subservient to economics. They were ideological rallying points providing vision, hope and dignity to the struggling peoples of the periphery. They were also anti-imperialist in their conception and development, seeking to provide an alternative to imperialist integration. Yet, they were led by bourgeois forces which failed to install an auto-centric development path, and this proved to be their failure as peoples’ projects. The bourgeoisies in Asia and the proto-bourgeoisies in Africa were eventually compradorised, and thus yielding the BRICS and NEPAD projects of today, both integrationist and both subject to the logic of primitive accumulation.


Bandung conference Pan-Africanism Neo-liberalism Primitive accumulation BRICS 


  1. Adedeji, A. (2012). From the Lagos plan of action to the new partnership for Africa’s development and from the final act of Lagos to the constitutive act: Wither Africa? In P. A. Nyong’o, A. Ghirmazion & D. Lamba (Eds.), NEPAD (New partnership for Africa’s development): A new path? (pp. 35–48). Nairobi: Heinrich Böll Foundation.Google Scholar
  2. Amin, S. (1974). Accumulation on a world scale: A critique of the theory of underdevelopment (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  3. Amin, S. (2009). Beyond Bandung: Awakening of the south. Pambazuka News, 455, October 29. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  4. Amin, S. (2011). Global history: A view from the south. Dakar: CODESRIA.Google Scholar
  5. Amin, S. (2012). The south challenges globalization. Pambazuka News, April 5. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  6. Final Communiqué of the Asian-African Conference (1955). Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  7. Grimshaw, A. (Ed.). (1992). The C. L. R. James reader. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  8. Harvey, D. (2005). A brief history of neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Jha, P. S. (2006). The twilight of the nation state: Globalisation, chaos and war. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Legum, C. (1965). Pan-Africanism: A short political guide (revised edition). London: Pall Mall Press.Google Scholar
  11. Lenin, V. I. (1963[1916]). Imperialism: The highest stage of capitalism. In V. I. Lenin (Ed.), Selected works (Vol. 1, pp. 667–766). Moscow: Progress Publishers.Google Scholar
  12. Luxemburg, R. (1963[1913]). The accumulation of capital. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Marx, K. (1887). Capital: A critical analysis of capitalist production (Vol. 1). Moscow: Progress Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Nyong’o, P. A., Ghirmazion, A., & Lamba, D. (Eds.) (2012). NEPAD (new partnership for Africa’s development): A new path? Nairobi: Heinrich Böll Foundation.Google Scholar
  15. Pannikar, K. M. (1961). Revolution in Africa. Bombay: Asia Publishing House.Google Scholar
  16. Prashad, V. (2012). The poorer nations: A possible history of the global south. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  17. Selassie, B. H. (2016). From colonial borders to African unity. In W. Soyinka, S. A. Amin, B. H. Selassie, M. G. Mũgo & T. Mkandawire (Eds.), Re-imagining Pan-Africanism: Distinguished Mwalimu Nyerere lecture series, 2009–13 (pp. 113–160). Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota.Google Scholar
  18. Shivji, I. G. (1987). The roots of agrarian crisis in Tanzania: A theoretical perspective. Eastern Africa Social Science Review, 3(1), 111–134.Google Scholar
  19. Shivji, I. G. (2009a). Pan-Africanism or imperialism? Unity and struggle towards a new democratic Africa. In I. G. Shivji, Where is Uhuru? Reflections on the struggle for democracy in Africa, G. R. Murunga (Ed.). London: Fahamu Books.Google Scholar
  20. Shivji, I. G. (2009b). Pan-Africanism in Mwalimu Nyerere’s thought. Chemchemi, 1.Google Scholar
  21. Soyinka, W., Amin, S. A., Selassie, B. H., Mũgo, M. G., & Mkandawire, T. (2016). Re-imagining Pan-Africanism: Distinguished Mwalimu Nyerere lecture series, 2009–13. Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota.Google Scholar
  22. Varoufakis, Y. (2015[2011]). The global Minotaur: America, Europe and the future of the global economy. London: Zed Press.Google Scholar
  23. Wright, R. (1956). The color curtain: Report on the Bandung conference. Jackson, MS: Banner Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nyerere Resource Centre, Tanzania Commission for Science and TechnologyDar es SalaamTanzania

Personalised recommendations