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The Digestive System Organ Scanning

Chapter
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Abstract

The objective of this chapter is how to learn to operate scanning of the digestive system organs and read the image figures, which contains the contents of the scanning method, section structures, measuring method as well as normal and clinical application value of the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, spleen, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, colon and rectum accompanied by 67 pictures of sonograms and 63 pictures of schematic diagrams. The patient’s position, preparation, the location and direction of the transducer are described in the scanning methods. Transverse, longitudinal, and oblique scanning methods are introduced. The section structures show every organ plane in the image figures. The measuring methods and normal describe the specification requirement of measurements in standard section and the normal range. One of the most characteristic in this atlas is the clinical application value which introduces the details of what diseases can be diagnosed by this section. The liver scanning includes the scans on the subxiphoid, right intercostal space, and right subcostal. The image figures, color Doppler flow images, and pulsed Doppler waveform of the portal vein, hepatic arteries, hepatic vein, and inferior vena cava are also provided.

Keywords

Atlas Ultrasonography Schematic diagram Scan Normal section Color Doppler flow image Pulsed-Doppler Liver Gallbladder Bile ducts Pancreas Spleen Portal vein Hepatic artery Hepatic vein Stomach Duodenum 

Abbreviations

AA

abdominal aorta

AG

adrenal gland (SAG`suprarenal gland)

Ao

aorta

Au

antrum

BL

bladder.

Bo

bowel

CBD

common bile duct

CA

celiac artery

CHD

common hepatic duct

CHA

common hepatic artery

CL

caudate lobe.

Co

colon

DAo

descending aorta

Dia

diaphragm

DU

duodenum

E

esophagus

GB

gallbladder

HA

hepatic artery

IVC

inferior vena cava

LA

left atrium

LAD

left adrenal gland

LAG

left suprarenal gland

LHA

left hepatic artery

LHD

left hepatic duct

LHV

left hepatic vein

LLV

left lateral ventricle

LK

left kidney

LL

left liver

LPV

left portal vein

LRA

left renal artery

LRV

left renal vein

LTH

ligament teres hepatis

M

Medulla

MHV

middle hepatic vein

P

pancreas

PB

pancreatic body

PH

pancreatic head

PHA

proper hepatic artery

Ps

psoas major

PST

prostate

PT

pancreatic tail

PV

portal vein

QL

quadrate lobe

RA

renal artery

RAG

right adrenal gland

RSG

right suprarenal gland

RHA

right hepatic artery

RHD

right hepatic duct

RHV

right hepatic vein

RK

renal kidney

RL

right liver

RPV

right portal vein

RRA

right renal artery

RRV

right renal vein

RV

renal vein

S

Sinus

SB

body of stomach

SF

fundus of stomach

SMA

superior mesenteric artery

SMV

superior mesenteric vein

SpA

splenic artery

SpV

splenic vein

S

spine

Sp

spleen

SVC

superior vena cave

St

stomach

VL

venose lig

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Military Medical Press 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ultrasonic Diagnosis Department, Beijing Royal Integrative Medicine HospitalBeijingChina

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