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Echocardiography

Chapter
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Abstract

Although the development of ultrasonography permits accurate delineation of normal heart anantomy and the diagnosis of numerous structual lesions of heart, for obtaining information sufficient to make a diagnosis of normal or abnormal cardiac structures or function, or both, a good quality echocardiographic examination is still necessary. Aim of this chapter is to help the beginner to know how to perform the operations by intraducing the basic examination techniques and by presenting the standard views, including the grayscale cross-sections of heart, the color and pulsed Doppler adding physiolgic indictors to the anatomic images, section structures, measuring method, normal value and the clinical application value.

Abbreviations

AA

Abdominal aorta

AAr

Aorta arch

AML

Anterior mitral leaflet

AMV

Anterior mitral valve

Ao

Aorta

AoA

Arch of aorta

AoAW

Aorta anterior wall

AoPW

Aorta posterior wall

APM

Anterior papillary muscles

ATL

Anterior tricuspid leaflet

AV

Aortic valve

CS

Coronary sinus

DAo

Descending aorta

E

Esophagus

EPSS

Mitral valve E2 point to septal separation

HT

Heart

IAS

Interatrial septum

IVC

Inferior vena cava

IVS

Interventricular septum

LA

Left atrium

LAA

Left atrial

LCC

Left coronary cusp

LCCA

Left common carotid artery

LK

Left kidney

LPA

Left pulmonary artery

LPV

Left pulmonary vein

LSCA

Left subclavian artery

LSPV

Left superior pulmonary vein

LV

Left ventricle

LVAW

Left ventricular anterior wall

LVOT

Left ventricular outflow tract

LVPW

Left ventricular posterior wall

MB

Moderator band

MPA

Main pulmonary artery

MV

Mitral valve

MV-AN

Mitral valve anterior

NC

Noncoronary cusp

PA

Pulmonary artery

PM

Papillary muscles

PML

Posterior mitral leaflet

PPM

Posterior papillary muscles

PTL

Posterior tricuspid leaflet

PV

Pulmonary valve

RA

Right atrium

RBCA

Right brachiocephalicus

RCC

Right coronary cusp

RIPA

Right inferior pulmonary artery

R-L

Right lung

RPA

Right pulmonary artery

RPV

Right pulmonary vein

RSPA

Right superior pulmonary artery

RV

Right ventricle

RVAW

Right ventricular anterior wall

RVOT

Right ventricular outflow tract

STL

Septal tricuspid leaflet

SVC

Superior vena cava

TV

Tricuspid valve

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Military Medical Press 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Navy General HospitalBeijingChina

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