Microbes: Bioresource in Agriculture and Environmental Sustainability

  • Prachi Bhargava
  • Ankit K. Singh
  • Reeta GoelEmail author


The concept of sustainable agriculture is a response to the decline in the quality of the natural resource base associated with modern agriculture. The relationship between agriculture, the global environment, and social systems suggests that agricultural development results from the complex interaction of a multitude of factors. Dependence on chemicals for further agricultural needs will result in future loss in soil physical condition, feasibility of water pollution, and calculated burden on the fiscal system. Inaugurating an ecological friendly parallel mechanism on earth is of vital importance. The exploitation of beneficial microbes as a biofertilizer has become paramount importance in agriculture sector for their potential role in food safety and sustainable crop production. This chapter focuses on the use of microbes as bioresource in agriculture which is the backbone of economies of most of the developing nations and specifically on the use of PGP microbes. The knowledge gained from the literature appraised herein will help us to understand the physiological bases of biofertilizers toward sustainable agriculture in reducing problems associated with the use of chemical fertilizers.


Sustainable agriculture Plant growth-promoting regulators Biofertilizers Biofungicide Bioremediation 



PB thanks DST-SERB: SB/YS/LS-213/2013 for the financial support. The authors acknowledge Vivek Kumar for designing the figures and proofreadings of the above manuscript.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Biosciences and TechnologyShri Ramswaroop Memorial UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesG. B. Pant University of Agriculture & TechnologyPantnagarIndia

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