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Fascinating Fungal Endophytes Role and Possible Beneficial Applications: An Overview

  • N. M. SudheepEmail author
  • Avinash Marwal
  • Nita Lakra
  • Khalid Anwar
  • Saquib Mahmood
Chapter

Abstract

Plants constitute immense and diverse niches for endophytic organisms, and their associations are well reported by many researchers. Certain microorganisms like endophytes prevail in the interior portion of plants, like roots, shoots, leaves, and stems, and do not harm the host plant. Fungi pose symbiotic relationship with plants, showing diversity in enrichment of resources and habitats. Even though these plant microbial interactions were reported from ancient years, an understanding of the mechanisms enabling these microorganisms to interact with host plants is still a dilemma. Unrevealing such unknown interaction pathways and signaling would be a crucial step in biotechnology which would probably lead to the production of different unique and novel compounds. Such compound may have the ultimate role in various applications in future biotechnology. Similarly, the potential of many isolated fungal endophytes has also not been studied well. Hence, an attempt has been made to coordinate the possibilities of usage of isolated endophytes in this chapter. Their uniqueness and specificity were studied with solid-state fermentation and submerged fermentation at a wide range of pH and temperature and few secondary metabolites and industrially important enzymes; its various applications and the common fungi used for such studies have also been discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Endophyte Plant-microbe interaction Solid and submerged fermentations Secondary metabolites Enzymes Applications 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Central University of Kerala for providing lab facilities and permission to carry out this study at the Department of Plant Science, School of Biological Sciences. NMS is indebted to the DST-SERB, Delhi, for the award of research fellowship under Fast Track Young Scientist Scheme.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. M. Sudheep
    • 1
    Email author
  • Avinash Marwal
    • 2
  • Nita Lakra
    • 3
  • Khalid Anwar
    • 3
  • Saquib Mahmood
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant Science, School of Biological Sciences, RST CampusCentral University of KeralaKasaragodIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biosciences, College of Arts, Science and HumanitiesMody UniversitySikarIndia
  3. 3.School of Life SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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