Plasma nitriding technology, developed based on the glow discharge phenomenon, is reviewed in this chapter, ranging from its basic physical principle, main processing characteristics and technical advantages, as well as its industrial applications. Other nonmetal element plasma surface alloying technologies, such as plasma carburizing, plasma nitro-carburizing and plasma sulfurizing are briefly introduced. Further discussion is carried out on its limitation of the nonmetallic element for plasma nitriding technology and advanced technology development in China.
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