Plasma Surface Metallurgy of Other Materials

  • Zhong XuEmail author
  • Frank F. Xiong


With many unique advantages, the double glow plasma surface metallurgy technology, or Xu-Tec, has been continuously developing into many applications with the deeper and wider coverage. This chapter introduces the research achievements in the surface alloying by the Xu-Tec process on other materials, such as copper and its alloys, niobium, molybdenum, tungsten, and C/C.


  1. 1.
    Meaden GT (1965) Electrical resistance of metals. Plenum Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nagarjuna S, Balasubramanian K, Sarma DS (1997) Effect of Ti additions on the electrical resistivity of copper. Mater Sci Eng A 225:118–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shen FC, Mao ZY, Li J (1997) The study of sliding wear of copper with copper-silicide intermetallic coating. J Zhejiang Univ 3:287–291Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang CM, Pang ZF, Wang SH (1998) Study on copper surface strengthened mechanism by multi-elemental penetrantion. AISC Technol 8:16–21Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shi ZY, Ding ZM (1998) Surface dispersion hardening and properties of pure copper. J Dalian Railw Inst 19(1):30–32Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sobolev VV, Guilemany JM, Calero JA (2000) Development of coating structure and adhesion during high velocity oxygen-fuel spraying of WC–Co powder on a copper substrate. J Therm Spray Technol 9(1):100–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sobolev VV, Guilemany JM, Calero JA (1999) Heat transfer during the formation of an HVOF sprayed WC-Co coating on a copper substrate. J Mater Process Technol 1(123):1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yih P, Chung DL (1997) Titanium diboride copper-matrix composites. J Mater Sci 32(7):1703–1709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Agarwal A, Dahotre NB, Sudarshan TS (1999) Evolution of interface in pulsed electrode deposited titanium diboride on copper and steel. Surf Eng 15(1):27–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang YF, Yuan QL, Chen F (2003) Friction and wear properties of Ti-permeated layer on copper by double glow discharge. Tribology 23(4):292–295Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yuan QL, Chi CZ, Su YA (2003) Diffusion mechanism and formation of nickelized layer by double glow discharge process on copper surface. Heat Treat Met 28(11):43–45Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yuan QL, Su YA, Xu Z (2004) Surface alloying of nickel on copper substrate by double glow discharge. Vac Sci Technol 24(1):40–42Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jie F, Xin Z, Zheng ZK, Zhang TJ (2008) Study on high temperature strengthening of Nb-based alloy. Rare Met 32(5):548Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xiao LR, Xu LL, Yi DQ, Cai ZG, Wang XN (2007) Silicide alloyed layer on niobium alloys prepared by complex pack cementation. Aeronaut Mater 27(4):36Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tang Y, Du JH, Li ZX (2009) The study on high temperature oxidation resistant alloyed layer on niobium and Nb-base alloy. Surf Technol 38(5):42Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Xiao LR, Xu LL, Yi DQ (2007) Static oxidation behavior of silicide alloyed layer on niobium alloy at high temperature. TNMSC 17:760Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sun YM, Endle JP, Smith K (1999) Iridium alloyed layer growth with iridium tris-acetylacetonate: oxygen and substrate effects. Thin Solid Alloy Layer 346:100–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Brochu M, Wanjara P (2007) Transient liquid phase bonding of Cu to Cu–W composite using an electron beam energy source. Int J Refract Mater 25(1):67–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Han JC, He XD, Du SY (1995) Oxidation and ablation of 3D carbon-carbon composite at up to 3000 °C. Carbon 33(4):473–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mumtaz K, Echigoya J, Taya M (1993) Preliminary study of iridium alloyed layer on carbon/carbon composites. J Mater Sci 28(20):5521–5527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Qiang B (2012) Research on processing and corrosion resistance of Ta alloyed layers on Q235 steel formed by double glow plasma surface alloying. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, NanjingGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Luo XX, Yao ZJ, Zhang PZ (2014) A study on high temperature oxidation behavior of double glowplasma surface metallurgy Fe–Al–Cr alloyed layer on Q235 steel. Appl Surf Sci 305:259–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Beijing and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Taiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Heaptech Engineering, Inc.San JoseUSA

Personalised recommendations