Advertisement

Introduction

  • Zhong XuEmail author
  • Frank F. Xiong
Chapter

Abstract

In the long-term industrial engineering development practice, the importance of material performance with its surface condition has attracted a great attention and tremendous development effort. It has been recognized that there are many differences and contradictions between the substrate material and its surface requirements. Over the past 2000 years, a variety of surface engineering technologies has been innovated in order to overcome those contradictions and form an independent high-performance surface engineering system. In this chapter, the classification of all of surface treatment techniques is given, with a brief introduction of the traditional and modern surface alloying technologies. The development history of innovative research of glow discharge and applications of surface plasma nitriding technology are specially reviewed.

References

  1. 1.
    Xu Z (1982) Metal ion source for metallic surface metallurgy. In: 10th international symposium on discharges and electrical insulation in vacuum, South Carolina, USA, pp 25–28Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fite WL (1969) Chemical reactions in electrical discharge. Am Chem Soc, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Longmuir I (1928) Oscillation in ionized gases. Proc Natl Acad Sci 14:627Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Machlet A (1914) Hardening of treatment of steel iron. US Patent 1092925Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berghaus B (1932) Process for surface treatment of metallic elements. Germany Patent DRP 6686391932Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Berghaus B (1939) Vacuum furnace, heated by glow discharge. Germany Patent DRP 851540Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hombeck F (1986) Forward view of ion nitriding applications. In: Spalvins T (ed) Proceedings of an international conference on ion nitriding, Cleveland, pp 15–17Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Beijing and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Taiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Heaptech Engineering, Inc.San JoseUSA

Personalised recommendations