The Development of China’s Social Welfare System
It was acknowledged in the 17th CPC National Congress that China should channel substantial effort into constructing projects for improving the livelihood of the people by building a harmonious socialist country, which “ensures that all citizens enjoy the right to education, employment, medical care, elderly care, and housing”. These projects cover employment, education, medical care, housing, social security, social welfare and social work, which are all contained within the social welfare system in a broad sense. The social welfare system in this report mainly covers social security affairs such as social assistance, labor insurance, social insurance, medical insurance, and social welfare sponsored mainly by the government. For the purpose of discussing the relationship between the social welfare system and urbanization, this report also covers aspects of the social welfare system in a wider sense such as education and housing.