• Leni Sagita Riantini Supriadi
  • Low Sui Pheng
Part of the Management in the Built Environment book series (MABUEN)


An organization engaged in business activities requires actions and operational procedures that must be completed in order to attain its mission and goals. A business is termed as an integrated set of activities and assets that is capable of being conducted and managed for the purpose of providing either a return to investors or dividends, lower costs, or other economic benefits directly and proportionally to owners, members or participants (Council on Corporate Disclosure and Governance 2005, p. 3). Nowadays, the business world is experiencing an increasing level of uncertainty in its environment, where it can lead to adverse financial implications, damage to corporate reputation, viability and integrity (Marsh 2007). Furthermore, throughout the business process, there are times when an unexpected situation or event may occur. Events like crises or emergencies can occur unexpectedly during the course of conducting business activities, and these cannot be overlooked.


Conduct Business Activities Corporate Disclosure Knowledge Based Decision Support System (KBDSS) Indonesian Contractors Construction Firms 
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leni Sagita Riantini Supriadi
    • 1
  • Low Sui Pheng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BuildingNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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