Myanmar Technical and Vocational Education Training System and Policy Reform

  • Cho Tin Tun Kirkpatrick


Myanmar has addressed the importance of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Myanmar in creating skilled labour for several years now. Many policy reforms have been under way. Specifically in the education sector, modifications and implementations of rules and regulations affecting the Myanmar economy in the direction of attaining ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) goals have been placed into effect. Beginning with a Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR) in 2012, the National Education Law 2014 was established. A few additional authorities that have been established under the reform to support the Myanmar TVET system included the Technical and Vocational Education Council for the implementation and enforcement of policy framework, TVET Task Force for quality assurance, National Skills Standard Authority (NSSA), National Skill Development Authority (NSDA), and National Qualifications Framework (NQF). CESR and the National Education Law 2014 are noteworthy because they are the foundation of TVET reform and the draft law. The chapter carries a comprehensive review of the education sector. The major policy recommendations are grouped in terms of access, quality, management, infrastructure, and other factors to improve TVET in Myanmar.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cho Tin Tun Kirkpatrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA

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