Congenital Thumb Dysplasia

  • Wei WangEmail author
Part of the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery book series (PRS)


Thumb dysplasia (aplasia) and congenital thumb deformities are the commonest congenital deformities of hands and upper limbs. Many authors discuss them by including them into radial defects; the author describes it in this chapter because it holds an important position in the congenital deformities of hands and upper limbs.


  1. 1.
    Entin MA. Congenital deformitis of the upper extremity. Surg Clin North Am. 1960;40:497–515.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Entin MA. Reconstruction of congenital abnormalities of the upper extremities. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1959;41(4):681–701.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tay SC, Moran SL, Shin AY, et al. The hypoplastic thumb. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006;14(6):354–66.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ashbaugh H, Gellman H. Congenital thumb deformities and associated syndromes. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20(4):1039–44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gallant GG, Bora FW Jr. Congenital deformities of the upper extremity. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1996;4(3):162–71.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mathes SJ, Hentz VR. Plastic surgery: the hand and upper limb. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2006. p. 324.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Blauth W. The hypoplastic thumb. Arch Orthop Unfallchir. 1967;62(3):225–46.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vekris MD, Beris AE, Lykissas MG, et al. Index finger pollicization in the treatment of congenitally deficient thumb. Ann Plast Surg. 2011;66(2):137–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abdel-Ghani H, Amro S. Characteristics of patients with hypoplastic thumb: a prospective study of 51 patients with the results of surgical treatment. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2004;13(2):127–38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    McDonald TJ, James MA, McCarroll HR Jr, et al. Reconstruction of the type IIIEA hypoplastic thumb. Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg. 2008;12(2):79–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Manske PR. Instructional course lectures, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons-longitudinal failure of upper-limb formation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996;78(10):1600–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Manske PR, McCarroll HR Jr, James M. Type III A hypoplastic thumb. J Hand Surg Am. 1995;20(2):246–53.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yufang S, Zhangpcing G, Hao W. One case of congenital abnormality in thumb long flexor tendon. Chinese J Pediatr Surg. 2006;27(4):187.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lister G. Reconstruction of the hypoplastic thumb. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1985;195:52–65.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kaissi AA, Klaushofer K, Krebs A, et al. Unusual facies, thumb hypoplasia, distinctive spinal fusions and extraspinal mobility limitation, in a pair of monozygotic twins. Clin Dysmorphol. 2007;16(3):51–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Buck-Gramcko D. Pollicization of the index finger: methods and results in aplasia and hypoplasia of the thumb. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1971;53(8):1605–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Foucher G, Medina J, Lorea P, et al. Principalization of pollicization of the index finger in congenital absence of the thumb. Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg. 2005;9(2):96–104.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Zhejiang Science and Technology Publishing House 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryShanghai Ninth People Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations