Estimation of Cardiovascular Variability

  • George ManisEmail author
Part of the Series in BioEngineering book series (SERBIOENG)


The heart is a complex system. Its activity is affected by and affects most of the vital organs of the human body. The large number of factors influencing it results into a complicated functionality, characterized by physiological variability, difficult to be predicted and modeled. This variability hides valuable information expressing the ability of the heart to respond to normal autonomic functions of the body and to react to external events. It is used in clinical practice for both diagnosis and prognosis. It can be described with many indices, like the heart rate variability, the QT variability, the ST variability, the deceleration capacity, etc. A large number of methods have been proposed for estimating these indices, including statistical methods, frequency domain methods and non-linear ones. The research in the field is very active. A large number of papers has been published during the last two decades in the field and this number increases day by day with a continuously increasing rate.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece

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