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Introduction

  • Fatimatul Zaharah AbasEmail author
  • Seri Elyanie Zulkifli
  • Raja Safazliana Raja Sulong
  • Zainul Akmar Zakaria
Chapter
Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)

Abstract

Agriculture has been the main industrial sector for various countries in the world. It provides millions of jobs to the population as well as being the main source of income for these countries. Nevertheless, with the increasing demand for agricultural produce, huge amount of agricultural waste are also produced. Using different physical, chemical, or biological approaches, these agricultural wastes, also loosely termed as biomass, present a huge potential to be valorized into various products such as biochemicals, biofuels, and biomaterials, mainly due to its high carbon composition. However, without proper management, these wastes (both liquid and solid) posed serious threat to overall environmental quality notably from its slow degradation process. Current approaches are effective but labor-intensive would normally require huge capital investment and generation of potential hazardous by-products. This prompted the need to have an alternative approach which is cheaper and easier to handle and has minimum potential impact to environmental quality.

Keywords

Agriculture Sustainable Waste Strategies Management 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatimatul Zaharah Abas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Seri Elyanie Zulkifli
    • 1
  • Raja Safazliana Raja Sulong
    • 1
  • Zainul Akmar Zakaria
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Bioproduct DevelopmentUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Bioprocess Engineering & Institute of Bioproduct Development,Faculty of Chemical and Energy EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia

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