Indian Education System: Structure and Key Challenges

  • Charu JainEmail author
  • Narayan Prasad


The Indian education system has made significant progress in recent years. With more than 1.6 million schools and more than 290 million enrolments, India is home to one of the largest and complex school education systems in the world along with China. This chapter not only gives an overall picture of the vast and continuously changing Indian school education system, but also discusses the key challenges faced thereof with special focus on secondary education. The comparative assessment of Indian school education system at the global level is also discussed later in this chapter.


School education Secondary education Human development Gender inequality 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Council of Applied Economic ResearchNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.School of Social SciencesIndira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)New DelhiIndia

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