Innovation in Power Sources for Taiwan’s Railways in the Period of US Aid (1950–1965)
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It’s worthy of consideration that the relationship between Taiwan, the US, and Japan in this period is formed of cooperation, dependence, and the issues formed by Taiwan obtaining foreign capital and suffering invasion of its capital. If a country wants to develop itself but lacks sufficient funds and technology, it is necessary to cooperate with or depend on other countries. Since the TRA did not attach importance to technical research and development, and expected the “Mainland China Recovery” to take place, it naturally cooperated with the US and Japan (which were the anti-communist alliance) to complete its technological innovations. Taiwan’s development conditions were different from the United States’ as well as Japan’s. The partial dieselization policy adopted by the TRA had its own unique features and necessities, and met Taiwan’s phased demands adequately at the time. In this process, the US well exceeded Japan in influence over Taiwan. Also, the US aid operations were highly beneficial for the US firms involved. The cooperation structure of Taiwan, the US, and Japan can be observed clearly in the TRA’s development in the US-aid period. This structure’s influence can clearly be seen in the long-term development of the TRA.
KeywordsTRA US-aid Dieselization Locomotive Consulting company
This work was supported by Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, R.O.C. Grant Number 105-2410-H-305 -056 -.
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