Advertisement

Instructional Activities that Motivate Learners in Tourism Program

  • Chiou-Lan Chern
  • Mei-Lan LoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the English Language Education book series (ELED, volume 8)

Abstract

As the world becomes more interconnected due to globalization, people have more reasons to travel, be it for business, study, or holidays. Therefore, tourism has become a thriving industry in many parts of the world. This is also true for Taiwan, where the number of visitors grew from 2.62 million in the year 2000 to over 10 million in 2015, with over 70% of them traveling for pleasure (Tourism Bureau, Visitor arrivals, 1956–2015. Retrieved from http://admin.taiwan.net.tw/statistics/year.aspx?no=134, 2016). To accommodate this boom in the tourism industry, many tourism-related programs have been opened at universities in Taiwan. In 2004, there were 48 tourism-related programs; in 2014, the number grew to 66, which was a 37.5% increase. Another trend that has impacted higher education as a result of globalization is the use of English as a medium of instruction (EMI). In order to document the features of EMI tourism instructional activities, we have identified one of the EMI tourism programs as a site for exploration. We observed classes, interviewed the instructor, and conducted student surveys as well as follow-up interviews. This chapter will start with an overview of studies on EMI programs in Taiwan and then take a close look at classroom activities of the specific course chosen for this study. In the last part of the chapter, we will discuss the perceptions of students and teachers regarding the effects of instructional activities and identify features that motivate learning.

Keywords

Role Play English Proficiency Tourism Development Instructional Activity Service Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Agar, M. (1994). Language shock: Understanding the culture of conversation. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, H. D., & Lee, H. (2015). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy (4th ed.). New York: Pearson.Google Scholar
  3. Chang, Y. Y. (2010). English medium instruction for subject courses in tertiary education: Reactions from Taiwanese undergraduate students. Taiwan International ESP Journal, 2(1), 55–84.Google Scholar
  4. Cho, D. W. (2012). English-medium instruction in the university context of Korea: Trade-off between teaching outcomes and media-initiated university ranking. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 9(4), 135–163.Google Scholar
  5. Fredricks, J. A. (2014). Eight myths of student disengagement: Creating classrooms of deep learning. Los Angeles: Corwin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Huang, Y. P. (2012). Design and implementation of English-medium courses in higher education in Taiwan: A qualitative case study. English Teaching and Learning, 36(1), 1–51.Google Scholar
  7. James, N. P. (2014). Golden rules for engaging students in learning activities. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/blog/golden-rules-for-engaging-students-nicolas-pino-james
  8. Richards, J. C., & Lockhart, C. (1995). Reflective teaching in second language classrooms. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Ritchie, J. R. B., & Crouch, G. I. (2003). The competitive destination: A sustainable tourism perspective. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Tourism Bureau. (2016). Visitor arrivals, 1956–2015. Retrieved from http://admin.taiwan.net.tw/statistics/year.aspx?no=134
  11. Wu, W. S. (2006). Students’ attitudes toward EMI: Using Chung Hua University as an example. Journal of Education and Foreign Language and Literature, 4, 67–84.Google Scholar
  12. Yeh, C. (2010). A survey study on university instructors’ views of EMI teaching. In National Kaohsiung Normal University (Ed.), Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on English Teaching and Learning in the R.O.C (pp. 263–276). Taipei, Taiwan: Crane.Google Scholar
  13. Yeh, C. (2013). Instructors’ perspectives on English-medium instruction in Taiwanese universities. Curriculum & Instruction Quarterly, 16(1), 209–231.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU)TaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations