• Yoko IwasakiEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)


Under the weakly organized system of Iran’s apparel industry, independent production firms concerned with maintaining their self-sustaining business employed special characteristics such as the namāyande system, vizitōr employment, and the distribution channel through the bonak-dār . This business style seems to have been an immediate cause for the massive inflow of Chinese products in the 2000s, together with the development of China’s “Specialized Markets.” As these markets are open to any purchaser, this enabled participation in this new market not only by Iranian conventional distributors but also by former producers who only quit that aspect to start new careers as “merchant.” This nimble and prompt change of business activity from production to distribution originates in Iran’s weakly organized system. As a result, a type of globalization has been realized between the two countries where the transactions conducted feature a “one-time-only” nature.


Weakly organized system Self-reliant business style Globalization Marketplace type of a products-supply center 

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© IDE-JETRO 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IDE-JETROChibaJapan

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