The Apparel Production Process in Iran

  • Yoko IwasakiEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)


Unlike Japan, Iran has no large-scale firm that organizes smaller contractors for actual production in the apparel-producing system. The procurement of raw materials and machinery serves as a crucial but weighty task for each firm, which operates independently, especially given the presence of rather strict import restrictions imposed by the government. The namāyande system functioned as a cure for this difficult situation encountered by small-scale firms. The lack of knowledge in firms for collecting and analyzing the information that a namāyande provided made him necessary for firms. Business management based on personal relationships is another factor making the namāyande a necessary player for firms, who seek to strengthen their external information channels by developing reliable relationships through extremely personal ties with their namāyande to survive in Iran’s fluid business environment.


Work flow of apparel production Procurement of machinery and raw materials Namāyande system Personal business relations 


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Copyright information

© IDE-JETRO 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IDE-JETROChibaJapan

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