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Nanotechnology pp 263-278 | Cite as

Nanomaterial-Based Biosensors in Agriculture Application and Accessibility in Rural Smallholding Farms: Food Security

  • M. S. MufamadiEmail author
  • P. R. Sekhejane
Chapter

Abstract

In the absence of inexpensive screening tools, food contamination poses immense threat to food safety and security and ultimately inclines burden on the public health, particularly for the populace in low- and middle-income countries, e.g. sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) countries. Current traditional methods for detection of contaminants in food and to ensure food quality and safety are associated with time-consuming procedures that are expensive and not accessible to those in rural areas. This chapter reviews the latest development and highlights the impact of various nanomaterials used during constructing biological sensors for screening each of these above food contaminants, in detail. The presence of nanomaterials is promising to offer device that is affordable, highly sensitive, specific and user-friendly. This chapter also highlights the accessibility of this technology, particularly to those in the rural and smallholder farmers. Furthermore, also try to address the potential contributions that nanotechnology can have in food safety and security.

Keywords

Biosensor Nanotechnology Nanomaterials Agriculture Food safety Security 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanotechnology and Biotechnology, NABIO Consulting (Pty) LtdPretoria EastSouth Africa
  2. 2.Africa Institute of South Africa, Human Sciences Research CouncilPretoriaSouth Africa

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