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Nanotechnology pp 227-247 | Cite as

Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Chitosan Nanomaterials Loaded with Zinc and Copper for Plant Growth and Protection

  • Ram Chandra Choudhary
  • R. V. Kumaraswamy
  • Sarita Kumari
  • Ajay Pal
  • Ramesh Raliya
  • Pratim Biswas
  • Vinod Saharan

Abstract

In recent years, chitosan-based nanomaterials have been the most researched biomaterials in the field of medical, pharmaceutical, and agriculture. Metal-based chitosan nanomaterials have attracted much attention due to its dual activity as plant growth promoter and plant protection agent. In addition, chitosan encapsulated metals are less toxic due to slow release phenomenon and showed long-lasting effect in plants. Blending of Zn and Cu with nanochitosan has additional advantages of providing nutrition to plants and help in vigor growth of plant for further protection from abiotic and biotic stress. In addition, Cu/Zn chitosan nanoparticles have been successfully tested against many plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Moreover, Cu/Zn chitosan nanoparticles are involved in inducing amylase and protease enzymes related to mobilization of food for seed germination. A recent study revealed that Zn/Cu chitosan nanomaterials are enhancing defense enzymes of plant which protect them from diseases. In this chapter, we have explained thoroughly the synthesis of Cu and Zn chitosan NPs, their characterization and applications in plant growth, and protection.

Keywords

Chitosan Micronutrient Plant growth Copper Zinc 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ram Chandra Choudhary
    • 1
  • R. V. Kumaraswamy
    • 1
  • Sarita Kumari
    • 1
  • Ajay Pal
    • 2
  • Ramesh Raliya
    • 3
  • Pratim Biswas
    • 3
  • Vinod Saharan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyMaharana Pratap University of Agriculture and TechnologyUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical EngineeringWashington University in St.LouisSt. LouisUSA

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