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Efficient Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater Can Prevent Seasonal Death of Non-Glacial Linked Rivers in Groundwater Stressed Areas

  • Shashank ShekharEmail author
  • Suman Kumar
  • Rajiv Sinha
  • Sanjeev Gupta
  • Alexander Densmore
  • S. P. Rai
  • Manoranjan Kumar
  • Ajit Singh
  • Wout Van Dijk
  • Sunil Joshi
  • Philipa Mason
  • Dewashish Kumar
Chapter
Part of the Springer Hydrogeology book series (SPRINGERHYDRO)

Abstract

The surface and groundwater system is an interdependent system. In the case of alluvial plains, they are best manifested by the relationship between a river and groundwater system. This relationship is vibrant and dynamic in rain-fed rivers or the non-glacial linked rivers. It has been typically observed that many a case such rivers originate from lesser elevation and in downstream stretches; during summers, their flow is maintained by groundwater contribution. In groundwater stressed regions, often these rivers get disconnected from aquifer. Thus there could be different levels of stream-aquifer interaction during monsoon and non monsoon seasons. In this context, the article examines effect of long-term groundwater abstraction on such river flows in a conceptual framework. It also proposes efficient conjunctive use of surface and groundwater to prevent death of such rivers.

Keywords

Surface water Ground water Conjunctive use Aquifer Stream–aquifer interaction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial support through MoES, India, and NERC, UK funded project entitled “The structure and dynamics of groundwater system in north western India under past, present and future climates” is duly acknowledged. The authors are thankful to Chairman, CGWB & Dipankar Saha Member (SAM) for their support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shashank Shekhar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suman Kumar
    • 1
  • Rajiv Sinha
    • 2
  • Sanjeev Gupta
    • 3
  • Alexander Densmore
    • 4
  • S. P. Rai
    • 5
  • Manoranjan Kumar
    • 1
  • Ajit Singh
    • 3
  • Wout Van Dijk
    • 4
  • Sunil Joshi
    • 2
  • Philipa Mason
    • 3
  • Dewashish Kumar
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Technology, KanpurKanpurIndia
  3. 3.Imperial CollegeLondonEngland
  4. 4.Durham UniversityDurhamUK
  5. 5.NIH, RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  6. 6.National Geophysical Research InstituteHyderabadIndia

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