Advertisement

Petro-Geochemical Analysis and Their Correlation for Genesis of Fluoride Contamination in Groundwater of District Sonbhadra, U.P., India

  • H. K. PandeyEmail author
  • S. K. Srivastava
  • Prashant Pandey
Chapter
  • 418 Downloads
Part of the Springer Hydrogeology book series (SPRINGERHYDRO)

Abstract

In many parts of India, high concentration of fluoride in drinking water has been causing severe health problems in human, such as dental and skeletal fluorosis. The present study has been aimed to assess the role of hydrogeological characteristics on fluoride contamination of groundwater. This includes the monitoring of parameters such as lithological compositions, groundwater level behavior, and different chemical parameters to understand their impact on fluoride concentration in the study area of Sonbhadra district, U.P. Chemical parameters such as pH, F, EC, TDS, chloride, total hardness, alkalinity, phosphate, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, and K+ have been determined. A petrological study of rocks reveals that mainly granite, granite gneiss, and pegmatite types of rocks are found in area. In general, high fluoride content has been observed in shallow aquifer due to erosion of rock. Therefore, the most dominant reason for leaching of fluoride in groundwater is due to the weathering of various fluoride-bearing minerals in the area.

Keywords

Fluoride Groundwater Health hazard Sonbhadra Uttar Pradesh 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to Prof. P. Chakraborty, Director, MNNIT Allahabad for sanctioning the Institute Project under which the present study was carried out. We are also thankful to the Central Ground Water Board, Ministry, Govt. of India, Lucknow, for chemical analysis of groundwater samples. Authors are grateful to U.P. Jal Nigam for providing the baseline information regarding the fluoride-affected villages and Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, for preparation of thin section of rocks. We are thankful to M/S Hindalco Industries, Renukoot of Sonbhadra, for providing the logistic support during study. Authors are also thankful to Mr. Saurabh Kumar, Ph.D., Department of Civil Engineering, MNNIT Allahabad and Mr. Vivek Tiwari, M. Tech student, Institute of Agriculture Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, for their continuous involvement in preparation of maps and arrangement of the manuscript.

References

  1. APHA (2000) Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 20th edn. American Public Health Association, Washington DC, pp 4–129Google Scholar
  2. Fawell J, Bailey K, Chilton J, Dahi, E, Fewtrell L, Magara Y (2006) Fluoride in drinking water, WHO, IWA publishing, 1-144.Federation Dentaire International, 1990. FDI Basic Facts 1990: Dentistry around the world, London, FDIGoogle Scholar
  3. Gibbs RJ (1970) Mechanisms controlling World’s water chemistry. Science 170:1088–1090, 170, 795–840Google Scholar
  4. Gupta S, Mondal D (2012) Geochemical provenance and spatial distribution in groundwater in parts of Raniganj coal field, West Bengal, India. Arch Appl Sci Res 4(1):296–306Google Scholar
  5. Handa BK (1975) Geochemistry and genesis of fluoride containing groundwater in India. Groundwater 13:275–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Khandare HW (2013) Fluoride contaminated water and its implications on human health—a review, department of geology, Armori, dist. Gadchiroli, India. Int J Chem Tech Res 5(1):502–511Google Scholar
  7. Patel SC et al (2014) Fluoride contamination of groundwater in parts of eastern India and a preliminary experimental study of fluoride adsorption by natural haematite iron ore and synthetic magnetite, Jharkhand, India. Environ Earth Sci 14(1):12–18Google Scholar
  8. Piper AM (1944) A Graphic Procedure in the Geochemical Interpretation of Water Analysis. Am Geophys Union Trans 25, 914–923Google Scholar
  9. Salve PR, Maurya A, Kumbhare PS, Ramteke DS, Wate SR (2008) Assessment of groundwater quality with respect to fluoride. Bul Environ Contam Toxicol 81:289–293Google Scholar
  10. Tebutt THY (1983) Relationship between natural water quality and health, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. WHO (1984) Guidelines for drinking water quality. In: Health criteria and other supporting information, 2 edn. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. K. Pandey
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. K. Srivastava
    • 2
  • Prashant Pandey
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringMotilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Central Ground Water BoardLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of GeologyBenaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations