Recording High Natural Gamma Radiations in Fluoride-Prone Area of Shivpuri District, Madhya Pradesh

  • Subhash C. SinghEmail author
  • Rakesh Singh
  • Parvinder Singh
Part of the Springer Hydrogeology book series (SPRINGERHYDRO)


The occurrence of fluoride in groundwater is a major issue for aquifer-based drinking water supply. Many parts in state of Madhya Pradesh exhibit elevated fluoride content in groundwater. Present study has been conducted in Shivpuri district, underlain by granite and gneiss with some patches of recent alluvium. Ten boreholes have been drilled, and out of them, seven boreholes have been logged geophysically for natural gamma count. Chemical analyses of groundwater samples from the drilled wells have maximum fluoride content up to 5 mg/L. The natural gamma loggings conducted into the boreholes down to the depth of 200 mbgl have recorded 100–1600 cps for various lithological units encountered into the boreholes. It has been observed that water-rich fractures encountered in some of the boreholes with higher fluoride concentration is also showing higher range of natural gamma counts. Fluorite as a mineral in granites is considered as marker horizons for prospecting of radioactive minerals. Fluorite-bearing rocks releases fluoride in groundwater as well as related to high natural gamma radiation in the study area. The paper address geogenic groundwater quality problem of fluoride, associated with radioactive radiations in parts of Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh.


Fluoride Natural gamma Groundwater Radioactive mineral Granite Madhya Pradesh 



The authors are thankful to The Chairman, Central Ground Water Board for his kind permission to publish this paper. We are also grateful to Dr. E. Sampath Kumar, Member (SML) and Dr. D. Saha Member (SAM) for his encouragement for writing this paper. Thanks are also due to The Regional Director, CGWB, North Central Region, Bhopal, for providing necessary facility for conducting the study. Close association of Shri H.S. Namdeo, Scientists CGWB during the investigations is thankfully acknowledged.


  1. Belknap WB, Dewan JT, Kirkpatrick CV, Mott WE, Perason AJ, Rabson WR (1960) API calibration facility for nuclear logs. American Petroleum Institute, Drilling Production, p 289Google Scholar
  2. BIS (2003) Drinking water specifications, IS: 10500. Buearu of Indian Standards, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  3. CGWB (1999) Report on high fluoride in India occurrence, genesis and remedies. Central Groundwater Board, Govt. of India, MOWR, Faridabad, p 29Google Scholar
  4. Chabre M (1990) Aluminofluoride and beryllofluoride complex, new phosphate analogues in enzymology. Trands Biochem Sci 15:6–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaddah DK (2001) Hydrogeological aspects of high fluoride content groundwater in India. In: International workshop on fluoride in drinking water: strategies, management and mitigation, 22–24 Jan, pp 184–195Google Scholar
  6. European Economic Community (1975) Proposal for a council directive, relating to quality of water for human consumption. Off J Eur Commun C214Google Scholar
  7. Franke J (1989) Differences in skeletal responses to fluoride in human and animals. An over review. Fluoride 22(1):10–19Google Scholar
  8. Hallenburg JK (1987) Geophysical logging for mineral and engineering applications. Penn Well Books, Tulsa, OklahomaGoogle Scholar
  9. Hallenburg JK (1992) Nonhydrocarbon logging. Log Anal 33(3):259–269Google Scholar
  10. Jain SC et al (2001) Recent find of cauldron structure in Bundelkhand craton. Geol Surv India Spec Publ 64:289–297Google Scholar
  11. Keys WS (1990) Borehole geophysics applied to ground-water investigations. Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey, Book 2, Chapter E2, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  12. National Academy of Science and National Academy of Engineering (1972) Water quality criteria, Rep. EPA-R3-73-033, NAS & NAE, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  13. Raghuwanshi RS, Thakur GS (2004) Irrigation suitability of surface and sub surface water for agricultural development of the region around choral river basin Indore and Khargone Districts M.P. J Appl Hydrol XVII(2&3):27–33Google Scholar
  14. Romani S (2001) Problem of high fluoride in groundwater and measures for its control international workshop of fluoride in drinking water strategies. Manag Mitig 177–183Google Scholar
  15. Saha D, Agrawal AK (2006) Determination of specific yield using water balance approach—a case study of Torla Odha water shed in Deccan Trap Province, Maharashtra State, India. Hydrogeol J 14:625–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Saha D, Dhar YR, Sikdar PK (2008) Geochemical evolution of ground water in the pleistocene aquifers of south Ganga Plain, Bihar. J Geol Soc India 71:473–482Google Scholar
  17. Saha D, Dwivedi SN, Roy GK, Reddy DV (2013) Isotope-based investigation on the groundwater flow and recharge mechanism in a hard-rock aquifer system: the case of Ranchi urban area, India. Hydrogeol J. doi: 10.1007/s10040-013-0974-3
  18. Saksena DN, Narwaria YS (2012) Incidence of fluoride in groundwater and its potential health effects in ten villages of Karera block in Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh, India. Int J Env Sci 3(3):1141Google Scholar
  19. Samworth JR (1992) Quantitative open-hole logging with very small diameter wireline tools. In: SPWLA 33rd annual logging symposium, Paper NN, 24 pGoogle Scholar
  20. Schliching I, Reinstein J (1999) pH influences fluoride coordination number of the phosphoryl transfer transition state analog. Nat Struct Biol 8:721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shrivastwa SK et al (1999) Report on specialized thematic mapping of Bundelkhand gneissic complex in parts of Datia and Shivpuri district. GSI PortalGoogle Scholar
  22. Singh R (2003) Role of hydrogeological studies in fluoride affected area of granitic terrain in Shivpuri district of Madhya Pradesh. J Appl HydrolGoogle Scholar
  23. Singh P, Verma SK (2000) Report on hydrogeological framework and development prospect of Shivpuri district, M.P. Unpublished report of CGWB, NCR, BhopalGoogle Scholar
  24. Sinha KK, Pandey P, Bhairam CL, Parihar PS (2011) Peperite occurrence and its implications on origin and temporal development of the Proterozoic Dhala Basin, Mohar Area, Shivpuri District, Madhya Pradesh. J Geol Soc India 77:183–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Susheela AK (2001) A treatise on fluorosis. Fluorosis Research and Rural Development Foundation, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  26. Teotia SPS, Teotia M (1984) Endemic fluorosis India: a challenging national health problem. J Assoc Physic India 32:347–352Google Scholar
  27. Vandana KL, Reddy SM (2007) Assessment of periodontal status in dental fluorosis subjects using community periodontal index of treatment needs. Ind J Dent Res 8:67–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wenzel WW, Blum WEH (1992) Fluoride speciation and mobility in fluoride concentration soil and minerals. Soil Sci 153:357–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. WHO (1994) Fluoride and oral health. WHO technical report series 846. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  30. World Health Organization (1993) Guidelines for drinking water quality, recommendations, 2nd edn. GenevaGoogle Scholar
  31. Yearsley LE, Crowder RE (1990) State-of-the-art borehole geophysics applied to hydrology. In: Canadian/American conference on hydrology, 18–20 Sept 1990Google Scholar
  32. Yur F, Belge F, Mert N, Yoruk I (2003) Change in erythrocyte parameters of fluoride sheep. Fluoride 36:152–156Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subhash C. Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rakesh Singh
    • 1
  • Parvinder Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Ground Water BoardBhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations