Groundwater Resources and Sustainable Management Issues in India

  • Dipankar SahaEmail author
  • Sanjay Marwaha
  • Arunangshu Mukherjee
Part of the Springer Hydrogeology book series (SPRINGERHYDRO)


Groundwater is a critical component for socioeconomic development in India. The country exhibits wide spectrum on geology, climatic condition, and terrain, which is reflected in considerable variation in groundwater occurrence and movement. In addition, excessive withdrawal, in comparison with its annual replenishment, has created overexploitation of this precious natural resource, obliterating natural groundwater regime in large areas of the country. Besides, in many parts, the groundwater is contaminated both geogenically and anthropogenically. India as a country has established himself as the largest groundwater extractor in the world. The looming issues of overexploitation and deteriorating quality call for sustainable management of groundwater resource in long-term perspective. With the preamble on the review of the hydrogeology of the country, this paper summarizes 20 contributions that have been included in this volume. The papers are rich in their content and present a wide array of groundwater issues of the country, ranging from quality, conjunctive use of surface and groundwater, artificial recharge, community participation in its management, urban hydrogeology, coastal aquifer dynamics, mining hydrogeology, and application of state-of-the-art investigation techniques in groundwater survey and management. The aroma of the volume will enrich which are directly or indirectly linked with groundwater resource management of the country.


Groundwater Sustainable management India Aquifer Water level Quality 


  1. Banerjee DM, Mukherjee A, Acharya SK, Chatterjee D, Mahanta C, Saha D, Kumar S, Singh M, Sarkar A, Dubey CS, Shukla D, Raju NJ (2012) Contemporary groundwater pollution studies in India: a review, Proc Ind Nat Sci Acad 78(3)Google Scholar
  2. CGWB (2016) Dynamic groundwater resources of India.
  3. Foster S, van Steenbergen F, Zuleta J, Garduno H (2010) Conjunctive use of ground water and surface water: from spontaneous coping strategy to adaptive resource management. GW-MATE strategic overview series 2. World Bank, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. Gleeson T, Befus KM, Jasechko S, Luijendijk E, Bayani Cardenas M (2016) The global volume and distribution of modern groundwater. Nat Geosci 9:161–167. doi: 10.1038/NGEO2590
  5. Mukherjee A, Gupta A, Ray RK, Tewari D (2015a) Aquifer response to recharge—discharge phenomenon: inference from well hydrographs for genetic classification. J Appl Water Sci. doi: 10.1007/s13201-015-0293-z
  6. Mukherjee A, Saha D, Harvey CF, Taylor RG, Ahmed KM, Bhanja SN (2015b) Groundwater systems of the Indian Sub-Continent. J Hydrol Reg Stud.
  7. NGWA (2016) Facts about global groundwater usage. Compiled by the Ground Water Association.
  8. Saha D (2009) Arsenic groundwater contamination in parts of Middle Ganga Plain, Bihar. Curr Sci 97(6)Google Scholar
  9. Saha D, Sahu S (2015) A decade of investigations on groundwater arsenic contamination in Middle Ganga Plain, India. Environ Geochem Health. doi: 10.1007/s10653-015-9730-z
  10. Saha D, Sarangam H, Diwedi SN, Bhartariya KJ (2009) Evaluation of hydrochemical processes in the arsenic contaminated alluvial aquifers in parts of Mid-Ganga basin, Bihar, India. Environ Earth Sci. doi: 10.1007/s12665-009-0392-y
  11. Saha D, Sinha UK, Dwivedi SN (2011) Characterization of recharge processes in shallow and deeper aquifers using isotopic signatures and geochemical behavior of groundwater in an arsenic-enriched part of the Ganga Plain. Appl Geochem. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.01.003
  12. Saha D, Dwivedi SN, Roy GK, Reddy DV (2013) Isotope-based investigation on the groundwater flow and recharge mechanism in a hard-rock aquifer system: the case of Ranchi urban area, India. Hydrogeol J. doi: 10.1007/s10040-013-0974-3

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dipankar Saha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sanjay Marwaha
    • 1
  • Arunangshu Mukherjee
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Ground Water BoardFaridabadIndia
  2. 2.Manav Rachna International UniversityFaridabadIndia

Personalised recommendations