Power Quality Improvement of Microgrid with Cascaded Controller-Based PMSG Used in Wind Turbines

  • W. J. Praiselin
  • J. Belwin Edward
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 435)


Due to increasing power demand and environmental aspects, power generation from renewable energy sources that have been assumed to be a different source of energy can bring new challenges. Globally, an increasing number of wind energy generation systems are integrated into the electrical power network. In the wind turbine the reduction of various negative impacts of power quality issues such as voltage sag, swell, power variation, voltage and current harmonics are noticeable. In this paper, permanent magnet synchronous generator is operated as a parallel connection of reactive power compensator. Also, the cascaded controller technique is analyzed with the performance of compensator. The whole system is simulated through the MATLAB/SIMULINK using Simpower system library. The simulations give the improvement of inverter phase and load voltage profile, reduce the voltage harmonics in the inverter voltage control and compensate the current-injected active/reactive power operation in grid-connected wind energy system.


Power quality Microgrid Wind generation system Cascaded controller Permanent magnet synchronous generator 


  1. 1.
    Parhizi, S., Lotfi, H., Khodaei, A., Bahramirad, S.: State of the art in research on microgrids: a review. IEEE Access 3, 890–925 (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mwinyiwiwa, B.M.M., Manyahi, M.J., Gregory, N., Kyaruzi, A.L.: Conceptual synthesis of multi-source renewable energy based microgrid. Int. Sch. Sci. Res. Innov. 7, 1687–1692 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jamshidi, A., Ghahderijani, M.M., Barakati, S.M.: Power quality improvement in stand-alone microgrid including fixed-speed wind farm. In: 11th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering, pp. 206–211 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mahela, O.P., Shaik, A.G.: Topological aspects of power quality improvement techniques: a comprehensive overview. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 58, 1129–1142 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    SenthilKumar, A., Rajasekar, S., Ajay-D-Vimal Raj, P.: Power quality profile enhancement of utility connected microgrid system using ANFIS-UPQC. SMART GRID Tech. Energy Procedia 21, 112–119 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Singh, M., Khadkikar, V., Chandra, A.: Grid synchronisation with harmonics and reactive power compensation capability of a permanent magnet synchronous generator-based variable speed wind energy conversion system. IET Power Electr. 4, 122–130 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jena, N.K., Pradhan, H., Mohanty, K.B., Sanyal, S.K.: A comparison between PI & SMC used for decoupled control of PMSG in a variable speed wind energy system. In: International Conference on Energy Power and Environment: Towards Sustainable Growth (ICEPE), pp. 1–6 (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ansa Fathima, A., Babu, C.M.B.: Power quality improvement of a grid connected with hybrid energy system using fuzzy logic controller. Adv. Res. J. Sci. Eng. Tech. 3, 341–345 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nguyen, T.H., Lee, D.C., Song, S.H., Kim, E.H.: Improvement of power quality for PMSG wind turbine systems. In: Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pp. 2763–2770, IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tripathi, S.M., Tiwari, A.N., Singh, D.: Grid-integrated permanent magnet synchronous generator based wind energy conversion systems: a technology review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 51, 1288–1305 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhong, Q.-C., Hornik, T.: Cascaded current–voltage control to improve the power quality for a grid-connected inverter with a local load. IEEE Trans. Ind. Elec. 60, 1344–1355 (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bouzid, A.M., Cheriti, A., Sicard, P.: H-infinity loop shaping controller design of micro-source inverters to improve the power quality. In: IEEE 23rd International Symposium (ISIE), pp. 2371–2378 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical EngineeringVIT UniversityVelloreIndia

Personalised recommendations