Sustainable Organic Farming in Sikkim: An Inclusive Perspective

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 435)

Abstract

The study explores the current trends of organic farming in the Sikkim where almost 80% people still depend upon agriculture and allied activities. State has become the first organic state with adoption of 100% organic farming by preserving its rich natural resources with abundant flora and fauna, vibrant ecosystem and soil fertility with high organic matter content. It has become the major exporter for fruits, flowers, spices and vegetable in recent years. This case study illustrates the various phases of organic farming in Sikkim, India, associated stakeholders and constraints in terms of infrastructure particularly irrigation, transportation and electricity, and financial and marketing constraints for higher output and income realization.

Keywords

Organic farming National Program of Organic Production (NPOP) Sustainable development Sikkim India 

References

  1. 1.
    Ramesh, P., Singh, M., Rao, S.A.: Organic farming: its relevance to the Indian context. Curr. Sci. 88, 561–568 (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Venkateswarlu, B.: Organic farming in rainfed agriculture: prospects and limitations. Organic farming in rainfed agriculture. Opportunities Constraints 7, (2008)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hazarika, S., Manoj, K., Thakuria, D., Bordoloi, L.J.: Organic farming: reality and concerns. Indian J. Hill Farming 26, 88–97 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chettri, B.: Organic farming in Sikkim: implication for livelihood diversification and community development. Doctoral dissertation, Sikkim University (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Milestad, R., Darnhofer, I.: Building farm resilience: the prospects and challenges of organic farming. J. Sustain. Agric. 22(3), 81–97 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sheahan, C.M., Bray, D.B., Bhat, M.G., Jayachandran, K.: Ecological, economic, and organizational dimensions of organic farming in Miami-Dade County. J. Sustain. Agric. 36, 83–105 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sharma G., Dhakal T.: Opportunities and challenges of the globally important traditional agriculture heritage systems of the Sikkim Himalaya. Biodiversity of Sikkim: exploring and conserving a global hotspot. IPR Department, Government of Sikkim, Gangtok, pp. 411–440 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Underwood, T., McCullum-Gomez, C., Harmon, A., Roberts, S.: Organic agriculture supports biodiversity and sustainable food production. J. Hunger Environ. Nutr. 6, 398–423 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Panneerselvam, P., Hermansen, J.E., Halberg, N.: Food security of small holding farmers: comparing organic and conventional systems in India. J. Sustain. Agric. 35, 48–68 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management StudiesSikkim Manipal Institute of TechnologySikkimIndia

Personalised recommendations