Critical Evaluation of Offline MPPT Techniques of Solar PV for Stand-Alone Applications

  • Mohammad Asim
  • Mohd Tariq
  • M. A. Mallick
  • Imtiaz Ashraf
  • Supriya Kumari
  • Akash Kumar Bhoi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 435)

Abstract

This paper critically presents the analysis of the performance of offline maximum power point tracking techniques such as voltage- and current-based MPP technique, look-up table method, and curve fitting-based MPP technique. Based on the analysis presented in the paper, authors have selected offline voltage-based MPPT technique for using in their modeling and simulation study for stand-alone applications. An offline voltage-based MPPT technique which is capable of tracking MPP has been selected because of numerous advantages it offers such as simple and low cost of implementation. The modeling has been done in MATLAB®/SIMULINK simulation environment, and MPPT technique is developed and implemented by taking a variable resistance as a load. To remove the limitation of the momentarily interruption in power delivery to the load due to measurement of the open circuit voltage (V oc), a pilot PV panel of same rating to that of main PV panel is used in the paper to calculate V oc. It resulted in an increase in efficiency as more energy can be delivered to the load as the main panel is never disconnected to calculate V oc. The simulation results are presented and discussed in the paper, and the results shows that the MPP is tracked under changing atmospheric conditions such as variation in temperature and insolation. The study presented in the paper will help the researchers/engineers/professionals in the industry to implement the MPP technology at large scale thus making India a self-reliant country on tapping solar energy resources.

Keywords

MPPT Offline technique Constant voltage Photovoltaic Look-up table Curve fitting 

References

  1. 1.
    Tariq, M., Shamsi, K.: Application of RET to Develop educational infrastructure in Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Recent Trend In engineering, ACEEE. 4, 187–190 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tariq, M., Bhardwaj, S., Rashid, M.: Effective battery charging system by solar energy using C programming and microcontroller. Am. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 2, 41–43 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yongxiu, H., Xu, Y., Pang, Y., Tian, H., Wu, R.: A regulatory policy to promote renewable energy consumption in China: review and future evolutionary path. Renew. Energy 89, 695–705 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tariq, M., Yuvarajan, S.: Modeling and analysis of self excited induction generator with electronic load controller supplying static loads. Can. J. Electr. Electron. Eng. 4(1), 9–13 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khare, V., Nema, S., Baredar, P.: Solar-wind hybrid renewable energy system: a review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 58, 23–33 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tariq, M., Yuvarajan, S., Wakode, P.: Digital simulation of electronic load controller with reduced THD for self-excited induction generator. IUP J. Electr. Electron. Eng. 6(4), 36 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ramli, M.A.M., Twaha, S., Ishaque, K., Al-Turki, Y.A.: A review on maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic systems with and without shading conditions. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 67(January), 144–159 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tariq, M., Iqbal, M.T.: Power quality improvement by using multi-pulse AC-DC converters for DC drives: Modeling, simulation and its digital implementation, Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology, 1(3) ,255–265, (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Elgendy, M.A., Zahawi, B., Atkinson, D.J.: Comparison of directly connected and constant voltage controlled photovoltaic pumping systems. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 1(3), 184–192 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tariq, A., Asghar, M.S.J.: Development of an analog maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic panel. In: Proceedings of “the sixth international conference on power electronics and drive systems-PEDS 2005”, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Nov 28–Dec 01 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ahmad, J.: A fractional open circuit voltage based maximum power tracker for photovoltaic arrays. In: International Conference on Software Technology and Engineering, pp. 247–250 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Asim, M., Tariq, M., Mallick, M.A., Ashraf, I.: An improved constant voltage based MPPT technique for PMDC motor. Int. J. Power Electron. Drive Syst. (IJPEDS) 7(4), 1330–1336 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tariq, A., Asim, M., Tariq, M.: Simulink based modeling, simulation and performance evaluation of an MPPT for maximum power generation on resistive load. In: 2nd international conference on environmental science and technology, IPCBEE vol. 6 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Asim, M., Tariq, A., Sarwar, A.: Simulation and analysis of a directly coupled solar PV based water pumping system. J. Electr. Eng. 2(3), 72–81 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Asim
    • 1
  • Mohd Tariq
    • 2
  • M. A. Mallick
    • 1
  • Imtiaz Ashraf
    • 3
  • Supriya Kumari
    • 1
  • Akash Kumar Bhoi
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringIntegral UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Department of Electrical EngineeringAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  4. 4.Research & Development Section, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Sikkim Manipal Institute of TechnologySikkim Manipal UniversityRangpoIndia

Personalised recommendations