Handle Surgery and Ribbon Surface-Knots

  • Seiichi KamadaEmail author
Part of the Springer Monographs in Mathematics book series (SMM)


Let F be a surface-link. A 3-disk B embedded in \({\mathbb R}^4\) is called a 1-handle attaching to F if the intersection \(F \cap B\) is a disjoint union of two 2-disks embedded in \(\partial B\) (and in F).


Disjoint Union Local Orientation Homotopy Class Double Point Double Coset 
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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of ScienceOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan

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