Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Differential Phase Analysis Using Mach-Zehnder Interferometric Set-up

  • Jayeta Banerjee
  • Mahua Bera
  • Mina RayEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 194)


A novel scheme of experimental surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based differential phase analysis using Mach-Zehnder interferometric set-up has been demonstrated. Two glass prisms have been used in the two arms of the interferometric set-up. SPR modulated interferometric fringes can be observed with the use of thin Al coating on the hypotenuse surface of the glass prism, placed in one of the arms of interferometric set-up. Moreover, the change in fringe pattern can also be interpreted in terms of the direct difference of phase between Al-coated and uncoated glass prisms. SPR based direct difference of phase between test and reference beams can be measured using this technique which can be utilized for nanoplasmonic sensing.



The author, Jayeta Banerjee would like to acknowledge Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for financial support under Women Scientist Scheme A.


  1. 1.
    Homola, J., “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species”, Chemical Review 108, 462–493 (2008).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nelson, S.G., Johnston, K.S. and Yee, S.S., “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection”, Sens Actuators B 3536, 187–191 (1996).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Notcovich, G.A., Zhuk, V. and Lipson, G.S., “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 76, 1665–1667 (2000).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ho, H.P. and Lam, W.W., “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors”, Sens Actuators B, 96, 554–559 (2003).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huang, H.Y., Ho, P.H., Wu, Y.S. and Kong, K.S., “Detecting phase shifts in surface plasmon resonance: A review”, Advances in Optical Technologies Article ID 471957, 1–12, doi: 10.1155/2012/471957 (2012).
  6. 6.
    Kashif, M., Bakar, A.A.A., Arsad, N. and Shaari, S., “Development of phase detection schemes based on surface plasmon resonance using interferometry”, Sensors 14, 15914–15938 (2014).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bera, M., Banerjee, J. and Ray, M., “Experimental surface plasmon resonance modulated radially sheared interference imaging using a birefringent lens”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 251104-1-5 (2014).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bera, M., Banerjee, J. and Ray, M., “Moiré pattern generation by dual shearing and its modulation by surface plasmon resonance”, Opt. Lett. 40, 1857–1860 (2015).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bera, M., Banerjee, J. and Ray, M., “Resonance parameters based analysis for metallic thickness optimization of a bimetallic plasmonic structure”, Journal of Modern Optics 61, 182–196 (2014).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    García, D.I.S., Arellano, N.I.T., García, A.M., Álvarez, J.A.R., Zurita, G.R. and Pérez, A.M., “Adjustable-window grating interferometer based on a Mach-Zehnder configuration for phase profile measurements of transparent samples”, Optical Engineering 51(5), 055601-1-7 (2012).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hadjar, Y., Renault, M., Blaize, S., Bruyant, A., Vincent, R. and Hmima, A., “Compact interferometer transducer based on surface plasmon phase resonance”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 32 (5), 771–777 (2015).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu, C., Liu, O. and Hu, X., “SPR phase detection for measuring the thickness of thin metal films”, Optics Express 22(7), 7574–7580 (2014).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wu, S.Y., Ho, H.P., Law, W.C., Lin, C. and Kong, S.K., “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach–Zehnder configuration”, Optics Letters 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    The Practical Application of Light, MELLES GRIOT, Vol (Catalog) X, Barloworld Scientific, p. 4.8.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jha, R. and Sharma, A., “High performance sensor based on surface plasmon resonance with chalcogenide prism and aluminum for detection in infrared”, Opt. Lett., 34(6), 749–751 (2009).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Born, M., and Wolf, E. Principles of Optics, 7th expanded edition (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Abeles, F. Recherches sur la propagation des ondes electromagnetiques sinusoidales dans les milieux stratifies, Application aux couches minces. Ann Phys (Paris) 5, 596–640 (1950).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bera, M., Banerjee, J. and Ray, M., “Surface plasmon resonance mediated fringe modulation using a birefringent lens creating radial shearing environment”, Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 32(5), 961–970 (2015).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nikitin, P.I., Beloglazov, A.A., Kochergin, V.E., Valeiko, M.V. and Ksenevich T.I.,“Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing”, Sens Actuators B 54, 43–50 (1999).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Optics and PhotonicsUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations