Biofuels pp 51-67 | Cite as

Biomass-Derived HMF Oxidation with Various Oxidants

  • S. SaravanamuruganEmail author
  • Ashok Pandey
  • Rajender Singh Sangwan
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This chapter describes the conversion of cellulosic biomass-derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to various oxidation products, such as 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF), 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (HMFCA), and 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (FFCA), with solid catalysts containing with and without metal(s) in the presence of various solvents including water. This chapter further describes the influence of various oxidant, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BuOOH), air, and molecular oxygen, on the yield of oxidation products under wide range of reaction conditions. This chapter also focuses the influence of metal nanoparticles on the yield of FDCA with and without addition of organic bases.


Oxygen Flow Rate Nitrogen Dope Graphene Quantitative Conversion Furanic Compound Methyl Isobutyl Ketone 
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Saravanamurugan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ashok Pandey
    • 1
  • Rajender Singh Sangwan
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Innovative and Applied Bioprocessing (CIAB)MohaliIndia

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