Biofuels pp 3-6 | Cite as

Introduction to Biofuels

  • Avinash Kumar AgarwalEmail author
  • Rashmi Avinash Agarwal
  • Tarun Gupta
  • Bhola Ram Gurjar
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Sustainable energy source and cleaner environment is the most important requirement for developing countries. In India, total primary energy consumption was ~0.5 BTOE in 2008, which is expected to rise up to ~1.2 BTOE by 2035. In such a scenario, biofuel utilization program seems to be a promising solution because biofuels are relatively cleaner and can be produced from indigenous resources available locally. However availability and continuous supply are the most challenging tasks for the countrywide implementation of biofuels program. In such a scenario, advanced techniques of biofuel production including bio-technology route seem to have significant potential for the energy security in future. This monograph covers practical aspects of biofuel production, utilisation, challenges and limitations and outlines the strengths and constraints of different biofuel production techniques.


Biofuels Hydrothermal liquefaction Microalgae Biodiesel Bioprocessing 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avinash Kumar Agarwal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rashmi Avinash Agarwal
    • 2
  • Tarun Gupta
    • 3
  • Bhola Ram Gurjar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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