Advertisement

Review on Sustainable Lighting Design in Art Galleries to Balance Between Visibility and Conservation of Light Sensitive Art Exhibits

  • Amrita BhattacharjeeEmail author
  • Swati Pal
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 66)

Abstract

The core function of the Art gallery is art exhibition as well as conservation. Protection of light sensitive exhibits from damaging effect of light while maintaining the higher exhibition quality with respect to visibility is a key concern in lighting design of art galleries. The conflict between light level for visibility of exhibition from viewers’ perspective and conservation of artifacts creates philosophical dilemma for lighting design in art galleries. So, a review of literature has been done in this regard as this conflict still exists. The existing recommended light level for the art galleries from the view of conservation and the need for verification of this existing light level for better visibility have been discussed. As a consequence, this review of literature will help to find out the need of further research so that balance between visibility and conservation of light sensitive art exhibits can be done properly by lighting design of art galleries.

Keywords

Art galleries Lighting design Visibility Exhibition Conservation 

References

  1. 1.
    Illuminating Engineering Society of North America: The IESNA Lighting Handbook, 9th edn. IES (2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Na, L.: Exhibits protection in light environment design of art gallery. In: IEEE 10th International Conference on Computer-Aided Industrial Design and Conceptual Design, 2009 (CAID&CD), pp. 1739–1742. IEEE (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Texas Historical Commission: Basic Guidelines for the Preservation of Historic ArtifactsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    CIE: Control of Damage to Museum Objects by Optical Radiation. CIE Publication No. 157. CIE Central Bureau, Vienna (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ajmat, R., Sandoval, J., Arana Sema, F., O’Donell, B., Gor, S., Alonso, H.: Lighting design in museums: exhibition vs. preservation. In: Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture, vol. 12, p. 195 (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cuttle, C.: Damage to museum objects due to light exposure. J. Light. Res. Tech. 28(1), 1–9 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cuttle, C.: Lighting works of art for exhibition and conservation. J. Light. Res. Tech. 20(2), 43–53 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hoon, K., Hong-Bum, K.: New evaluation method for the lightfastness of colored papers by radiant energy. J. Illum. Eng. Soc. 17–24 (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schaeffer, T.: Effects of Light on Materials in Collections. Getty Conservation Institute (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    lkeda, M., Huang, C.C., Ashizawa, S.: Equivalent lightness of colored objects at illuminances from the—scotopic to the photopic level. In: Color Research and Application, pp. 198–206 (1989)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Indian Standard: IS 3646, Part I (1992)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kruithof, A.A.: Philips Techn. Rev. 6, 65–96 (1941)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kruithof, A.A., Ouweldes, J.L.: Colour and colour rendering of tubular fluorescent lamps. Philips Tech. Rev. 18, 219–261 (1956)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Crawford, B.H.: Just perceptible colour differences in relation to level of illumination. Stud. Conserv. l8, 159–166 (1913)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Boyce, P.: Visual acuity, colour discrimination, and light level. In: Lighting in Museums, Galleries and Historic Houses, pp. 50–57. UK Institute for Conservation and the Museums Association, London (1987)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Loe, D.: Preferred lighting for the display of paintings with conservation in mind. In: Lighting in Museums, Galleries and Historic Houses, pp. 36–49. UK Institute for Conservation and the Museums Association, London (1987)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hunt, R.W.G.: Light and dark adaptation and the perception of colour. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 190–199 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Michalski, S.: The lighting decision. In: Fabric of an Exhibition Preprints of Textile Symposium, Canadian Conservation Institute, Ottawa (1997)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Michalski, S.: Summary of issue. In: Museum Exhibit Lighting 2007. Classic Issues, New Light. AIC annual meeting, Richmond, Virginia (2007)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Françoise, V., Marie-Lucie D., Elodie, M.: The effect of LED lighting on performance, appearance and sensations. In: CIE Light and Lighting Conference with Special Emphasis on LEDs and Solid State Lighting, vol. 3(5), pp. 5–9 (2009)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cuttle, C., Boyce, P.R.: Kruithof revisited: a study of people’s responses to illuminance and color temperature of lighting. Lighting Aust. 12, 17–28 (1988)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Piccablotto, G., Chiara, A., Anna, P., Paola, I., Michela, R.: Study on conservation aspects using LED technology for museum lighting. Energy Procedia 78, 1347–1352 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Macchia, A., Nunziante Cesaro, S., Campanella, L., Maras, A., Rocchia, M., Roscioli, G.: Which light for cultural heritage: comparison of light sources with respect to realgar photodegradation. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 80(5), 637–643 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Vazquez-Molinì, D., Alvarez Fernandez-Balbuena, A., Garcia Botella, A., Herràez, J.A., Del Egido, M., Ontañon, R.: Advanced LED Lighting System Applied to Cultural Heritage Goods, pp. 341–348 (2010)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bhattacharjee, A., Mazumdar, S.: A study of the suitability of led light sources over conventional light sources in a museum environment. J. Light Eng. 24(1), 36–40 (2016)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nakajima, Y., Fuchida, T.: A study on the evaluation method of colour rendering properties of museum lighting at low illuminance. In: CIE, pp. 513–521 (2014)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Druzik, J., Bent E.: Museum lighting: its past and future development. In: Museum Microclimates, pp. 51–56. National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

Personalised recommendations