Extraction of FECG Signal Based on Blind Source Separation Using Principal Component Analysis
Fetal electrocardiogram (FECG) gives faithful medical information of heartbeat rate of the fetal living. Extraction of FECG from abdomen of maternal woman consists of interferences and motion artifacts and noises. Maternal electrocardiogram (MECG) is a main source of interference signal present in FECG. This paper focuses on FECG extraction from blind adaptive filtering using principal component analysis (PCA). The abdominal ECG (AECG) is obtained by blind adaptive algorithm which consists of MECG and FECG QRS complex. Principal component analysis separates the two MECG and FECG. The experiments show that it can simultaneously accomplish maternal ECG and fetal QRS complexes enhancement for their detection. The simulation results show that FECG extracted from the peaks of R-R interval is noise-free signal, and extract FHR.
KeywordsFECG extraction MECG Blind source separation (BSS) Principal component analysis (PCA)
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