The Circular Economy-Oriented Practice in the Nonferrous Metal Industry
In China, iron, chromium and manganese are classified as ferrous metals, with other 64 kinds of metals as nonferrous metals. China usually refers to copper, aluminum, lead, zinc, nickel, tin, antimony, mercury, magnesium and titanium in huge production and consumption as ten major nonferrous metals. Ferrous metals in general sense also include nonferrous alloys. The term “non-ferrous alloys” refers to alloys based essentially on nonferrous metals (usually more than 50 %) and mingled with one or several other kinds of elements. Aluminum alloys, copper alloys and magnesium alloys etc are frequently-used nonferrous alloys.
KeywordsNonferrous Metal Copper Smelting Circular Economy Electrolytic Aluminum Comprehensive Utilization
- Chen, Z. et al. (2013). Study on the characteristics of the soil and underground water pollution caused by non-ferrous metal smelting. Journal of Guangdong University of Technology, 30(2), 119–120.Google Scholar
- China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association. (2014). The analysis on the operation of the nonferrous metal industry and the outlook on its future. China Economic & Trade Herald, 3, 13–17.Google Scholar
- Huang, S. et al. (2013). Evaluation on the soil contamination with heavy metals in nonferrous metal mining areas and potential ecological hazards. In Collected papers for the annual academic meeting of the Chinese society for environmental sciences (2013) (pp. 2944–2950). China Environmental Science Press.Google Scholar
- Opportunities and Challenges Facing the Renewable Nonferrous Metal Industry. www.cnitdc.com. May 22, 2013.
- Wang, S. et al. (2009). Technical guides on energy conservation and emission reduction in the metallurgical industry (p. 420). Chemical Industry Press.Google Scholar
- Yan, Q. (2013). Development of China’s renewable nonferrous metal industry and its promising investment prospects. Recycling Research, (5), 21–26.Google Scholar