Advertisement

Prediction of 137Cs-Contaminated Soil Losses by Erosion Using USLE in the Abukuma River Basin, Japan

  • Carine J. YiEmail author
Conference paper
  • 316 Downloads
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 603)

Abstract

The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami triggered a significant nuclear power plant accident. Subsequent measurements of the concentration of cesium-137 (137Cs) showed that the litter and surface layers in the forest areas near the plant were significantly contaminated. This study applied the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), which has been widely used to estimate soil losses from erosion, in the Abukuma River Basin. The greatest soil loss was predicted to be 1762.75 t ∙ yr−1 ∙ ha−1. To predict losses of 137Cs-contaminated soil, a 137Cs-soil transfer factor was applied in place of a crop factor, and it yielded an average contaminated-soil loss rate of 190.65 t ∙ yr−1 ∙ ha−1, whereas the standard USLE calculation yielded an estimated average soil loss rate of 184.14 t ∙ yr−1 ∙ ha−1. Higher soil losses were predicted in steeper areas west of the river. However, contaminated soil may be deposited along a comparatively flat area, such as that on the east side of the river.

Keywords

Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station explosion Cesium-137 USLE Abukuma river basin 

References

  1. Carter, M.W., Moghissi, A.A.: Three decades of nuclear testing. Health Phys. 33(1), 55–71 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cardis, E., Howe, G., Ron, E., Bebeshko, V., Bogdanova, T., Bouville, A., Carr, Z., Chumak, V., Davis, S., Demidchik, Y., Drozdovitch, V., Gentner, N., Gudzenko, N., Hatch, M., Ivanov, V., Jacob, P., Kapitonova, E., Kenigsberg, Y., Kesminiene, A., Kopecky, K.J., Kryuchkov, V., Loos, A., Pinchera, A., Reiners, C., Repachol, M., Shibata, Y., Shore, R.E., Thomas, G., Tirmarche, M., Yamashita, S., Zvonova, I.: Cancer consequences of the Chernobyl accident: 20 years on. J. Radiol. Prot. 26, 127–140 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gerspar, P.L.: Effect of American Beech trees on the gamma radioactivity in soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 34, 318–323 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Guimarães, M.F., Filho, V.F.N., Ritchie, J.: Application of cesium-137 in a study of soil erosion and deposition in Southeastern Brazil. Soil Sci. 168(1), 45–53 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hayashi, S (林誠二)., Koshikawa, M (越川昌美)., Watanabe, M (渡邊未来)., Watanabe, K (渡邊圭司)., Nishikori, T (錦織達啓)., Tanaka, A (田中敦).: 茨城県筑波山森林域からの放射性セシウム流出特性. 本陸水学会 77 回大会 2012名古屋. 同講演要旨集 89 (2012). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  6. Higa, E (比嘉榮三郎)., Manmoto, H (満本裕彰).: USLE 式による土壌流出予測方法. 平成 12 年度流域赤土流出防止報告書(沖縄) (2000). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  7. Imai, K (今井啓)., Ishiwatari, T (石渡 輝夫).: Regional characteristics of USLE factors based on literate data. Extended abstract for 2006 the conference of Japanese society of Irrigation, drainage and rural engineering, 平成 18 年度農業土木学会大会講演会講演要旨集 (2006). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. Imai, K (今井啓)., Ishiwatari, T (石渡 輝夫).: 統計資料等を用いて整理した都道府県別の土壌侵食因の地域性について, 寒地土木研究所 月報 № 645 (July, 2007)Google Scholar
  9. Ritchie, J.C., McHenry, J.R.: Application of radioactive fallout cesium-137 for measuring soil erosion and sediment accumulation rates and patterns: a review. Int. J. Environ. Qual. 19(2), 215–233 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ritchie, J.C., McHenry, J.R., Bubenzer, G.D.: Redistribution of fallout 137Cs in Brunner Creek watershed in Wisconsin. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 70, 161–166 (1982)Google Scholar
  11. Longmore, M.E.: The caesium-137 dating technique and associated applications in Australia - a review. In: Ambrose, W., Duerden, P. (eds.) Australian Archaeometry Conference; Sydney (Australia), 396 p., pp. 310–321. Australian National University, Canberra, 15-18 February 1982. ISBN 0 86784 239 3, 37 refsGoogle Scholar
  12. Tonosaki, M (外崎真理雄)., Kaneko, S (金子真司)., Kiyono, Y (清野嘉之).: 放射性セシウムによる森林や木材への影響について. 木材情報 (日本木材総合情報センター, 森林総合研究所.) 249, 1–6 February 2012. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  13. McHenry, J.R., Ritchie, J.C.: Accumulation of fallout cesium 137 in soils and sediments in selected watersheds. Water Resour. Res. 9(3), 676–686 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transportation and Tourism (MILIT)-Water and Disaster Management Bureau (国土交通省河川局): 武隈川水系の流域及び河川の概要(案)-参考資料4-1, (Report for Abukuma River Basin management) 平成15年11月, November 2003. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  15. Okinawa Science and Technology Promotion Center (OSTC, former: (財) 亜熱帯総合研究所): 平成13年度 内閣府委託事業 「珊瑚礁に関する調査」: GIS 利用による陸域影響に関する調査研究 (2001). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. Perkins, R.W., Thomas, C.W.: Worldwide fallout. In: Hanson, W.C. (ed.), pp. 53–82. Technical Information Center, Oak Ridge (1980)Google Scholar
  17. Ritchie, J.C., McHenry, J.R., Gill, A.C.: The distribution of Cs-137 in the litter and upper 10 centimeters of soil under different cover types in northern Mississippi: Health Physics, vol. 22, p. 197 (1972)Google Scholar
  18. Rogowski, A.S., Tamura, T.: Movement of 137Cs by Runoff, Erosion and Infiltration on the Alluvial Captina Silt Loam. Health Phys. Soc. 11(12), December 1965Google Scholar
  19. Warren, S.D., Mitasova, H., Hohmann, M.G., Landsberger, S., Iskander, F.Y., Ruzycki, T.S., Senseman, G.M.: Validation of a 3-D enhancement of the universal soil loss equation for prediction of soil erosion and sediment deposition. CATENA – Interdisc. J. Soil Sci. Hydrol. Geomorphol. Focusing Geoecology Landscape Evol. 64, 281–296 (2005)Google Scholar
  20. Okumura, T.: The material flow of radioactive cesium-137 in the U.S. 2000, United States Environmental Protection Agency (2003)Google Scholar
  21. Yasunari, T.J. Stohl, A., Hayano, R.S., Burkhart, J.F., Eckjardt, S., Yasunari, T.: Cesium-137 deposition and contamination of Japanese soils due to the Fukushima nuclear accident. Proc. Natl. Aced. Sci. USA (PNAS) 108(49), 6 December 2011Google Scholar
  22. Debo, T.N., Reese, A.J.: Municipal Stormwater Management, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2003)Google Scholar
  23. Unoki, K (鵜木啓二)., Tada, D (多田大嗣)., Nakamura, K (中村和正)., Ikeda, H (池田晴彦)., Hosokawa, H (細川博明).: 畑地流域における USLE による土砂流出量の推定. 第 53 回(平成21年度)北海道開発技術研究発表会, February 2010. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  24. Walton, A.: The distribution in soils of radioactivity from weapons tests. J. Geophys. Res. 68(5), 1485–1496 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wischmeier, W.H., Smith, D.D.: Predicting rainfall erosion losses – a guide to conservation planning. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture handbook No. 537 (1978)Google Scholar
  26. Abukuma River Basin Risk Reduction Committee (阿武隈川圏域総合流域防災協議会): 阿武隈川圏域の水害・土砂災害対策における課題と当面の進め方、平成18年9月5日 (2006). (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  27. Radioactive Waster Management Center: Environmental Parameters Series 1: Transfer Factors of Radionuclides from Soils to Agricultural Products (1988)Google Scholar
  28. Japan Meteorological Agency: AMeDAS; Previous data. http://www.data.jma.go.jp/obd/stats/etrn/index.php
  29. Mizugaki, S., Onda, Y., Fukuyama, T., Koga, S., Asai, H., Hisamatsu, S.: Estimation of suspended sediment sources using 137Cs and 210 Pbex un unmanaged Japanese cypress plantation watersheds in sourthern Japan. Hydrol. Process. 22, 4519–4531 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. National Institute for Environmental Studies of Japan (NIES), G-CIEMS(Grid-Catchment Integrated Modeling System (多媒体環境モデリング) (2012). (in Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Research Institute of Disaster ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations