China’s Foreign Aid Policy and Mechanisms

  • Hong Zhou
Part of the Research Series on the Chinese Dream and China’s Development Path book series (RSCDCDP)


The question of China’s foreign aid began at the time of the founding of the People’s Republic of China and it spans a period of more than six decades. Over the past six decades, China’s foreign aid has played a gradual, subtle role in China’s external relations, and is thus irreplaceable by other diplomatic tools. In 1949, China faced the first full blockade and embargo by the Western world since the founding of New China; the “lop-sided” diplomatic policies helped China secure economic aid from the Soviet Union. China not only embarked on the road of rapid industrialization by leveraging this aid, but it also began to provide military and economic aid to other countries in the socialist camp, such as North Korea, Vietnam and Mongolia, by following the principles of proletarian internationalism. Later, in light of the need for national independence and economic development by countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, New China began to offer economic and technological assistance to these countries. After the Chinese economic reform, the scale of China’s foreign aid steadily increased and its influence grew, thus increasingly attracting global attention.


Foreign Trade State Council Recipient Country Chinese Enterprise Foreign Assistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. CCCPC Party Literature Research Office (1982) Compilation of Important Documents since the Third Plenary Session, People’s Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen M (1982) Open a new situation of foreign economy and trade. People’s Daily, 20 Sept 1982Google Scholar
  3. Compilation team of Biography of Fang Yi (2008) Biography of Fang Yi. People’s Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  4. Deng X (1993) Selected works of Deng Xiaoping, vol I, II, and III. People’s Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  5. Department of Foreign Assistance (2005) Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China. Compilation of Rules and Regulations on Foreign Aid Management (1958–2004)Google Scholar
  6. Fang Y (2008) Focused, balanced foreign aid with a new situation. Works of Fang Yi, People’s Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  7. Fu Z (2010) Continue the past and further improve China’s foreign aid—the 60th anniversary of China’s foreign aid. China Business Update (special issue of the 60th anniversary of China’s foreign aid), August 2010, p 10Google Scholar
  8. Han N (1988) Contemporary Diplomacy in China. China Social Sciences Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  9. Huang M, Ren P (2012) Status quo of China’s investment in Africa and strategic choices. Thesis by Well-versed Economists, 17 May 2012.
  10. Jiang Z (1992) Accelerate the pace of reform, opening up and modernization construction to win a greater victory in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In: Report delivered at the Fourteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China. People’s Daily, 21 Oct 1992Google Scholar
  11. Li A (2007) Three changes of China’s policy on Africa since the reform and opening-up. In: Yang G (ed) Annual report on development in the Middle East and Africa (2006–2007)—history and reality of relations between China and Africa. Social Sciences Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  12. Li P (2007) Markets and regulation: economic diary of Li Peng, vol I, II, and III. Xinhua Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  13. Liu Y (2010) Walking in Africa. China Business Update (special issue of the 60th anniversary of China’s foreign aid), August 2010Google Scholar
  14. Shi L (1989) Foreign economic cooperation of modern China. China Social Sciences PressGoogle Scholar
  15. Wang C (2001) China’s top decision-making—diplomacy. Shaanxi Normal University PressGoogle Scholar
  16. Wang Y (2008) Three decades of transformation of China’s foreign relations. Social Sciences Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  17. Zhou E (1964) Government work report by Premier Zhou Enlai at the first session of the third National People’s Congress. People’s Daily, 31 Dec 1964Google Scholar
  18. Zhou B (2004) Diplomatic Career at the extraordinary period (Sept 1964–Jan 1982), 1st edn. World Knowledge Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  19. Zhou H (2008) China’s foreign aid and 30-year reform and opening-up. World Econ Pol 12Google Scholar
  20. Zhou H, Zhang J, Zhang M (2007) Foreign aid in China. Social Sciences Academic PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Social Sciences Academic Press and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.Academic Division of International StudiesChinese Academy of Social SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations