Growth and Mass

  • Dieter Overdieck
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

Yearly courses of height and basal stem diameter growth of saplings from studies lasting up to 4 years show positive effects of elevated [CO2] that diminish over time. A growth model is used to extrapolate results from studies on young trees to mature trees. Mostly positive and species-specific effects of increasing temperature on height and basal stem diameter growth are documented. Effects of elevated [CO2] on individual leaf area, specific leaf area, number of leaves/tree, and leaf area/tree are also summarized in a table and a figure. The clearest CO2 effect is found for specific leaf area, which decreases at elevated [CO2]. Aging of needles is accelerated when [CO2] and temperature are both increased. Effects of a 4 °C increase in temperature on leaf features of some selected species are combined in a table. An average of ~29 % biomass increase is calculated for deciduous, broad-leaved and evergreen trees with needles from a series of CO2-enrichment studies with doubled ambient [CO2]. It is shown that the positive effect of e[CO2] on total biomass accumulation is dependent on root space. Partitioning of biomass and weight ratios among the main plant organs is documented by examples. In a further documentation of the effects of 4 °C higher temperature and doubled ambient [CO2], it is shown that biomass partitioning is not essentially changed by temperature increase.

Keywords

Tree height Basal stem diameter Relative growth Leaf area/tree Leaf number/tree Specific leaf area Number of buds/tree Mass partitioning Pot size effect 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Overdieck
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Ecology, Ecology of Woody PlantsTechnical University of BerlinBerlinGermany

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