Coal Energy in Japan and China: Mine Closures, Rail Developments and Post-311 Energy Narratives
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In terms of objectives, this publication has three aims. The first is to review the history of the Chinese coal industry, including that of the rail transportation system and how its development was crucial to Chinese coal industrial growth. Second, is to provide an overview of the decline of the Japanese coal industry from 1950 to 2000 and to clearly specify the regeneration of the former coalfield region. Third, is to trace the impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake on power and energy supplies and on energy security, not only in Japan but also in China.