Advertisement

Christianity: A Culture of Transnational Mobility

with Jonathan Tan
Chapter
  • 509 Downloads

Abstract

Gomes and Tan provide fascinating insights into the role Christianity plays in allowing transient migrants in Australia and in Singapore feel a sense of community and belonging in the host nations. Here they describe how Christianity among transient migrants allows both those born into the faith and those who converted while in the host nations a way of dealing with loneliness and homesickness. Here Gomes and Tan note that while Australia has a Christian tradition, Christianity is also the fastest-growing religion in Singapore while Asian religions such as Buddhism and Taoism are fast declining. However, Gomes and Tan also point out that while Christianity may seem to provide a bridge between transient migrants and the local citizenry, this does not happen since respondents formed Christian communities with fellow transient migrants and thus parallel Christian societies in Australia and Singapore respectively. This chapter ends with a section on the implications of the research on policy and practice.

Keywords

International Student Christian Faith Home Nation Korean Immigrant Christian Church 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2012a, June 21). 2011 Census reveals Hinduism as the fastest growing religion in Australia. CO/61. Viewed October 2, 2015, from http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/censushome.nsf/home/CO-61
  2. Australian Census Statistics. (2012, June 24). Religion and the 2011 Australian census. http://censusstats.blogspot.com/2012/06/religion-and-2011-australiancensus.html
  3. Bouma, G. D. (1997). Increasing diversity in religious identification in Australia: Comparing 1947, 1991 and 1996 census reports. People and Place, 5(3), 12–18.Google Scholar
  4. Bouma, G. D. (2002). Globalisation and recent changes in the demography of Australian Religious Groups. People and Place, 10(4), 17–23.Google Scholar
  5. Bouma, G. D. (2003). Globalization, social capital and challenge to harmony of recent changes in Australia’s religious and spiritual demography. Australian Religious Studies Review, 16(2), 55–68.Google Scholar
  6. Cheong, D. (2016). Last year’s 6% drop a continuation of steady fall since criminal probe into church leaders began in 2010. The Straits Times, 8 May. Viewed September 23, 2016, from http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/city-harvest-attendance-declines-again
  7. City of Melbourne. (2009, March 31). Swanston Street—A snapshot. Agenda Item 6.2 Council. Viewed October 1, 2015, from http://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/AboutMelbourne/ProjectsandInitiatives/MajorProjects/SwanstonStreet/Documents/Attachment1SwanstonStreetASnapshot.pdf
  8. Colebatch, T. (2012, June 12). Land of many cultures, ancestries and faiths. Sydney Morning Herald. Viewed December 12, 2014, from http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/land-of-many-cultures-ancestries-and-faiths-20120621-20r3g.html
  9. Department of Statistics, Singapore. (2001). Religion. Census of population 2000: Statistical release 2: Education, language and religion (pp. 33–40). Viewed December 12, 2014, from http://www.singstat.gov.sg/publications/publications-and-papers/cop2000/census_stat_release2
  10. Gomes, C. (2015c). Negotiating everyday life in Australia: Unpacking the parallel society inhabited by Asian 2015, International students through their social networks and entertainment media use. Journal of Youth Studies, no., 18, 515–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Greiner, C., & Sakdapolrak, P. (2013). Translocality: Concepts, applications and emerging research perspectives. Geography Compass, 7, 373–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guest, K. J. (2003). God in Chinatown: Religion and survival in New York’s Evolving Immigrant Community. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Guest, K. J. (2005). Religion and transnational migration in Chinatown. In K. I. Leonard, A. Stepick, M. A. Vasquez, & J. Holdaway (Eds.), Immigrant faiths: Transforming religious life in America (pp. 145–163). Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hendrickson, B., Rosen, D., & Aune, R. K. (2011). An analysis of friendship networks, social connectedness, homesickness, and satisfaction levels of International students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(3), 281–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hurh, W. M., & Kim, K. C. (1990). Religious participation of Korean immigrants in the United States. Journal of the Scientific Study of Religion, 29(1), 19–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jupp, J. (2009). Anglicans: Church of England in Australia. In J. Jupp (Ed.), The encyclopedia of religion in Australia (pp. 128–140). Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Levitt, P. (2005). Immigration. In H. R. Ebaugh (Ed.), Handbook of religion and social institutions (pp. 391–410). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Min, P. G. (2003). Immigrants’ religion and ethnicity: A comparison of Korean Christian and Indian Hindu immigrants. In J. N. Iwamura & P. Spickard (Eds.), Revealing the sacred in Asian and Pacific America (pp. 125–141). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Nagata, J. (2005). Christianity among transnational Chinese: Religious versus (sub)ethnic affiliation. International Migration, 43(3), 99–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. O’Farrell, P. (1987). The Irish in Australia. Sydney: NSW University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Sawir, E., Marginson, S., Deumert, A., Nyland, C., & Ramia, G. (2008). Loneliness and International students: An Australian study. Journal of Studies in International Education, 12, 148–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tan, J. Y. (2014). Christian mission among the peoples of Asia. Maryknoll: Orbis Books.Google Scholar
  23. Thompson, R. (2002). Religion in Australia: A history. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RMIT UniversityMelbournAustralia

Personalised recommendations